Card Set Information
Soma CMT4 Final
Lower leg issues and treatments
Which Ms are treated in ATSS?
Ext Hallicus Longus
Ext Dig Longus
Which Ms are treated in MTSS?
Flex Hallicus Longus
Flex Dig Longus
When fxn TibAnt during ATSS tx, what do you do with the ankle?
Plantar Fasciitis treatment contraindications when clients on NSAIDS?
What are the contraindications of Plantar Fasciitis in regards to steroids?
Avoid deep fxn tx if steroid injection within 14 days
Never apply deep fxn tx if 3 steroid injections applied
Which direction should you fxn if bone spur suspected in Plantar Fasciitis?
Heel to toe
What is Periostitis?
Inflammation of the periosteum.
What are the causes of Periostitis?
What is Compartment syndrome?
Internal pressure within one or more of the lower leg compartments has increased to dangerous levels, resulting in pain, decreased circulation, and the risk of necrosis.
What are the S/S of acute compartment syndrome?
Pain severe and persistent
Affected compartmet hotter/harder than unaffected side
Which Ms are in which compartments?
: TibAnt, ExtHalliLong, ExtDig
: Gastroc, Soleus
: TibPost, FlexHalliLong, FlexDigLong
: PerLong, PerBrev
Which compartment is most likely to have compartment syndrome?
Anterior (45%, DeepPost=40%)
When is the most pain experienced during the day with Plantar Fasciitis?
After non-weight-bearing for a while (ex. First waking up)
When is the most pain experienced during gait cycle with Plantar Fasciitis?
Pre-swing (toe off)
Where is a bone spur most likely to occur with Plantar Fasciitis?
Calcaneal attachment site
What are the S/S of Plantar Fasciitis?
Can be unilateral or bilateral
Pain slow in developing
Pain develops from activities, usually from overuse
As foot loosens up for walking, pain diminishes, but returns after 2-3hrs
Are there contraindications involving inflammation or scar tissue with Plantar Fasciitis?
If acute inflamm present=avoid fxn
What is Plantar Fasciitis?
Overuse condition resulting in inflammation and possibly tearing of the plantar fascia at the calcaneal attachment site.
What are the O:I for Plantar Fascia?
Calcaneal tuberosity to plantar surfaces metatarsophalangeal jts & flex tendon sheaths
At what age is someone most likely to develop Plantar Fasciitis?
What are the contributing factors of Plantar Fasciitis?
Improper footwear (too Flex, too stiff, no arch support)