RNSG 2308 Exam 2

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RNSG 2308 Exam 2
2012-01-25 21:30:28
RNSG 2308 Exam vocab

Exam 2 vocabulary
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  1. Ballottement
    a technique of palpation to detect or examine a floating object in the body. In OB, the fetus, when pushed, floats away and then returns to touch the examiner's fingers
  2. Braxton Hicks Contractions
    Intermittent painless contractions of the uterus that may occur every 10 to 20 minutes. Occuring more frequently toward the end of pregnancy and sometimes mistaken for true labor signs
  3. Chadwick's sign
    Violet bluish color of the vaginal muscous membrane caused by increased vascularity; visible from about the fourth week of pregnancy
  4. Chloasma (melasma gravidarum)
    brownish pigmentation over the bridge of the nose and the cheeks during pregnancy and in some women who are taking contraceptives. also called mask of pregnancy
  5. Colostrum
    Secretion from the breast before the onset of true lactation
  6. Couvade
    In some cultures, the male's observance of certain rituals and taboos to signify the transition to fatherhood.
  7. Goodell's sign
    Softening of the cervix that occurs during the second month of pregnancy
  8. Hegar's sign
    A softening of the lower uterine segment found upon palpation in the second or third month of pregnancy
  9. Linea nigra
    The line of darker pigmentation extending from the umbilicus to the pubis noted in some women during the later months of pregnancy
  10. McDonald's sign
    A probably sign of pregnancy characterized by an ease in flexing the body of the uterus against the cervix
  11. Morning sickness
    Term that refers to the nausea and vomiting that a woman may experience in early pregnancy
  12. Mucous plug
    a collection of thick mucus that blocks the cervical canal during pregnancy (operculum)
  13. Physiologic anemia of pregnancy
    apparent anemia that results because during pregnancy the plasma volume increases more than the erythrocytes increase
  14. Quickening
    the first fetal movements felt by the pregnant woman, usually between 16 and 18 weeks gestation
  15. Striae
    stretch marks
  16. Supine hypotensive syndrome
    a condition that can develop during pregnancy when the enlarging uterus puts pressuer on the vena cava when the woman is supine. This pressure interfers with returning blood flow and produces a marked decrease in blood pressure with accompanying dizziness, pallor, and clamminess, which can be corrected by having the woman lie on her left side
  17. Abortion
    loss of pregnancy before teh fetus is viable outside the uterus; miscarriage
  18. Antepartum
    time between conception and the onset of labor; during pregnancy
  19. Diagonal conjugate
    distance from the lower posterior border of the symphysis pubis to the sacral promontory; may be obtained by manual measurement
  20. Estimated date of Birth (EDB)
    During a pregnancy, the approximate date when childbirth will occur; the "due date"
  21. Gestation
    period of intrauterine development from conception throug birth; pregnancy
  22. Gravida
    a pregnant woman
  23. Intrapartum
    the time from the onset of true labor until the birth of the infant and expulsion of the placenta
  24. Multigravida
    woman who has been pregnant more than once
  25. Multipara
    woman who has had more than one pregnancy in which the fetus was viable
  26. Nagele's rule
    a method of determining the estimated date of birth; after obtaining the first day of the last menstrual period, subtract 3 months and add 7 days
  27. Nulligravida
    a woman who has never been pregnant
  28. Nullipara
    a woman who has not given birth to a viable fetus
  29. Obstetic conjugate
    distance from the middle of the sacral promontory to an area appoximately 1 cm below the pubic crest
  30. Para
    a woman who has borne offspring who reached the age of viability
  31. Postpartum
  32. Postterm labor
    labor that occurs after 42 weeks gestation
  33. Preterm or premature labor
    labor occurring between 20 and 38 weeks of prgnancy
  34. Primigravida
    a woman who is pregnant for the first time
  35. Primipara
    a woman who has given birth to her first child (past the point of viability), wheter or not that child is living or was alive at birth
  36. Risk factors
    any findings that suggest the prenancy may have a negative outcome, for wither the woman or her unborn child
  37. Stillbirth
    the birth of a dead infant
  38. Term
    the normal duration of pregnancy
  39. Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
    syndrome caused by maternal alcohol ingestion and characterized by microcephaly, intrauterine growth restriction, short palpebral fissures, and maxillary hypoplasia
  40. Fetal movement record (FMR)
    a method for tracking fetal activity taught to pregnant women
  41. Kegel exercises
    perineal muscle tightening that stregthens the pubococcygeus muscle and increases its tone
  42. Leukorrhea
    mucous discharge from the vagina or cervical canal that may be normal or pathologic, as in the presence of infection
  43. Lightening
    moving of the fetus and uterus downward into the pelvic cavity
  44. Pelvic tilt
    exercise designed to reduce back strain and stregthen abdominal muscle tone
  45. Ptyalism
    excessive salivation
  46. Teratogens
    nongenetic factors that can produce malformations of the fetus