Psych Learning

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Author:
jeffcindric
ID:
130643
Filename:
Psych Learning
Updated:
2012-01-30 21:39:18
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psych
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Ch.8 Learning
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  1. Learning
    A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience.
  2. Associative learning
    Learning that certain events occur together. The events may be two stimuli (as in classical conditioning) or a response and its consequences (as in operant conditioning).
  3. Classical Conditioning
    A type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. A neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stimulus (US) begins to produce a response that anticipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus. Also called Pavlovian or respondent conditioning.
  4. Behaviorism
    The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior with out reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not (2).
  5. Unconditioned Response
    In classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occuring response to the unconditioned stimulus (US), such as salivation when food is in the mouth.
  6. Unconditioned Stimulus
    A stimulus the unconditionally- naturaly and automatically- triggers a response.
  7. Conditioned Response
    The learned response to a previously neutral (but now conditioned) stimulus.
  8. Conditioned Stimulus
    An originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus, comes to trigger a conditioned response.
  9. Acquisition
    Initial stage in classical conditioning; the phase associating a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response. In operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response.
  10. Extinction
    The deminishing of a conditioned response
  11. Spontaneous recovery
    The reappearance, after a pause, of an extinguished conditioned response
  12. Generalization
    The tendancy, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses.
  13. Discrimination
    Learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus.
  14. Baby Albert Experiment
    A one year old was given a white rat to play with. After they got to know each other, the experimenter made a loud noise (hammer and sound iron) every time the baby saw the rat. After Albert was conditioned, he cried every time he saw a white rat, or something similar.
  15. Modeling
    The process of observing and imitating a specific behavior.
  16. Mirror Neurons
    Frontal lobe neurons that fire when performing certain actions or when observing another doing so. The brain's mirroring of another's action may enable imitation, language learning and empathy.
  17. Prosocial Behavior
    Positive, constructive, helpful behavior. The opposite of antisocial behavior.

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