harmonious hormones

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
130649
Filename:
harmonious hormones
Updated:
2012-01-25 22:00:21
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Endo
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Description:
All about Hormones
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  1. Growth Hormone (GH) (Protein)
    • Hormone Type: PeptideWhere Synthesized and Released From: anterior
    • pituitaryTarget Organ and Function: - increase bone and muscle
    • growth - increase cell turnover rate
  2. Releasing and Inhibiting Factors (Peptide)
    • Hormone Type: Peptide
    • Where Synthesized and Released: hypothalamusTarget Organ: anterior pituitary
    • Function: modify activity
  3. Prolactin (Peptide)
    • Hormone Type: Peptide
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: anterior pituitary
    • Target Organ: mammary gland
    • Function: increase milk production
  4. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
    • Hormone Type: peptide - TROPIC
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: anterior pituitaryTarget Organ: thyroid
    • Function: increase synthesis and release of TH
  5. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) (protein)
    • Hormone Type: peptide - TROPIC
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: anterior pituitaryTarget Organ: adrenal cortex
    • Function: increase growth and secretory activity (secrete cortisol)
  6. Luteinizing Hormone (LH) (Protein)
    • Hormone Type: Peptide - GONADOTROPIC
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: anterior pituitary
    • Target Organ and Function: - Ovary: stimulate ovulation -
    • Testes: stimulate testosterone synthesis
  7. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) (Protein)
    • Hormone Type: Peptide - GONADOTROPIC
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: anterior pituitaryTarget Organ and Function: - Ovary: stimulate follicle development
    • - Testes: stimulate spermatogenesis
  8. Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH, Vasopressin) (Protein)
    • Hormone Type: Peptide
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: Posterior PituitaryTarget Organ: kidney
    • Function: promote water retention
  9. Oxytocin (Protein)
    • Hormone Type: Peptide
    • Where Synthesized: Hypothalamus Neurons and transported toWhere
    • Released From: Posterior Pituitary into BloodTarget Organ and
    • Function: - Breast: stimulate milk letdown - Uterus: contraction
    • at birth
  10. Thyroid Hormone (TH, thyroxine) (modified AA)
    • Hormone Type: Peptide
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: ThyroidTarget Organ and
    • Function: - child: necessary for physical and mental development
    • - adult: increase metabolic rate and temperature
  11. Calcitonin (Protein)
    • Hormone Type: Peptide
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: Thyroid C CellsTarget Organ and
    • Function: - bone and kidney: lowers serum [Ca2+]
  12. Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) (Protein)
    • Hormone Type: Peptide
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: ParathyroidsTarget Organ: bone, kidney and small intestine
    • Function: raises serum [Ca2+
  13. Thymosin (Children only) (Protein)
    • Hormone Type: Peptide
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: ThymusTarget Organ and Function:
    • - T cell development during childhood
  14. Epinephrine (Modified AA)
    • Hormone Type: Peptide
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: Adrenal MedullaTarget Organ and
    • Function: - sympathetic stress response (rapid)
  15. Cortisol (one of glucocorticoid) (Steroid)
    • Hormone Type: Steroid - Glucocorticoid
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: Adrenal CortexTarget Organ and
    • Function: - longer-term stress response - increase blood
    • [glucose] - increase protein catabolism - decrease inflammation
    • and immunity; many other
  16. Cortisol (one of glucocorticoid) (Steroid)
    • Hormone Type: Steroid
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: adrenal cortexTarget Organ and
    • Function: - kidney: increased Na re-absorption to increase b.p.
  17. Sex Steroids
    • Hormone Type: Steroid
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: Adrenal CortexTarget Organ and
    • Function: not normally important, but an adrenal tumor can overproduce
    • these, causing masculinization or feminization
  18. Insulin
    • Hormone Type: Peptide
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: Beta Cells - PancreasTarget Organ
    • and Function: - decreased blood [glucose] - increased glycogen
    • and fat storage
  19. Glucagon
    • Hormone Type: Peptide
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: Alpha cells - PancreasTarget Organ
    • and Function: - increased blood [glucose] - decreased glycogen
    • and fat storage
  20. Somatostatin (SS - delta cells secrete) (Protein)
    • Hormone Type: Peptide
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: Delta cells - PancreasTarget Organ
    • and Function: - inhibits many digestive processes
  21. Testosterone (Steroid)
    • Hormone Type: Steroid
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: TestesTarget Organ and Function: - male characteristics; spermatogenesis
  22. Estrogen (Steroid)
    • Hormone Type: Steroid
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: ovaries/placentaTarget Organ and
    • Function: - female characteristics; endometrial growth
  23. Progesterone (Steroid)
    • Hormone Type: Steroid
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: Ovaries/PlacentaTarget Organ and
    • Function: endometrial secretion, pregnancy
  24. Atrial Natruiretic Factor (ANF) (Peptide)
    • Hormone Type: Peptide
    • Where Synthesized and Released: HeartTarget Organ and Function: -
    • kidney: increased urination to decrease b.p.
  25. Erythropoetin (Protein)
    • Hormone Type: Protein
    • Where Synthesized and Released From: kidneyTarget Organ and Function:
    • - bone marrow: increased RBC synthesis

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