Acid

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Author:
lacythecoolest
ID:
130674
Filename:
Acid
Updated:
2012-01-25 23:19:00
Tags:
Chem II Strong Acids Bases
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Description:
gotta memorize these things apparently. fuck.
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  1. Name the 6 strong acids:
    • Nitric acid
    • Hydrochloric acid
    • Sulfuric acid
    • Perchloric acid
    • Hydrobromic acid
    • Hydroiodic acid
  2. Name the 9 Strong Bases:
    • Lithium Hydroxide
    • Sodium Hydroxide
    • Potassium Hydroxide
    • Rubidium Hydroxide
    • Cesium Hydroxide
    • Magnesium Hydroxide
    • Calcium Hydroxide
    • Strontium Hydroxide
    • Barium Hydroxide
  3. Lithium Hydroxide
    LiOH
  4. Sodium Hydroxide
    NaOH
  5. Potassium Hydroxide
    KOH
  6. Rubidium Hydroxide
    RbOH
  7. Cesium Hydroxide
    CsOH
  8. Magnesium Hydroxide
    Mg(OH)2
  9. Calcium Hydroxide
    (Ca(OH)2
  10. Strontium Hydroxide
    (Sr(OH)2
  11. Barium Hydroxide
    Ba(OH)2
  12. Nitric Acid
    HNO3
  13. Hydrochloric Acid
    HCl
  14. Sulfuric Acid
    H2SO4
  15. Perchloric Acid
    HClO4
  16. Hydrobromic Acid
    HBr
  17. Hydroiodic Acid
    HI
  18. Which strong acid is Diprotic and how does it work?
    • Sulfuric Acid
    • two steps: The first time a hydrogen ion splits off of the sulfuric acid, it acts like a strong acid.
    • The second time a hydrogen splits away from the sulfate ion, it acts like a weak acid.
  19. What makes an Acid Strong?
    the amount of acid quality of a solution depends upon the concentration of ionized hydrogens
  20. What makes a base strong?
    how much it dissolves, completely = strong.
  21. How to tell what element will be a strong base:
    • the common name of lye = ium
    • ex. lithium, calcium, rubidium, ect

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