Nur 104

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lesliebarney
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130681
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Nur 104
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2012-01-27 08:07:04
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Unit One Terms
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  1. arteriosclerosis
    A disease process in which fibrinous plaques are laid down on the inner walls of the arteries, thus narrowing the lumens of the vessels and perdisposing them to the development of intravascular clots
  2. cardiomyopathy
    Disease of the myocardium, especially due to primary disease of the heart muscle.
  3. cellulitis
    Inflamation of cellullar or connective tissue
  4. coarctation
    Narrowing (of the aorta)
  5. dysrhythmia
    A variation from the normal rhythm, especially of the heartbeat.
  6. endocarditis
    an inflammation of the membrane lining of cavities of the heart and of the connective tissue bed on which it lies.
  7. hypertension
    Persistently high blood pressure/ in adults a systolic pressure equal to or greater than 140mm Hg and a diastolic pressure equal to or greater than 90mmHg
  8. intermittent claudication
    cramping pain in the muscles of the lower extremities brought on by exercise and relieved by rest. A common symptom of arterial insufficiency; pain usually occures in the calves of the legs but can also affect the muscles of the thighs and buttocks.
  9. ischemia
    A deficiency of blood supply to a part as a result of functional constricition of a blood vessel or of actual obstruction, as by a clot.
  10. oscilloscope
    an instrument that makes visible on a screen the nature of an electrical current.
  11. palpitation
    A rapid, violent, or throbbing pulsation as an abnormally rapid throbbing or fluttering of the heart.
  12. pericarditis
    An inflammation of the sac that encloses the heart and the roots of the great vessels
  13. rubor
    A dusky-red color seen inpatients with arterial insufficiency.
  14. sympathectomy
    A sugical excision or interruption in some portion of the sympathetic nerve pathways.
  15. syncope
    Fainting
  16. bruit
    A abnormal sound of venous or arterial origin heard on auscultation.
  17. debride
    Peal away dead tissue.
  18. dependent rubor
    The dusky-red color dangling feet soon take on after elevating the feet and legs above the heart for 1 to 2 minutes. This indicated arterial insufficiency
  19. embolus
    A clot or plug of material (usually from a thrombus) carried by blood flow that lodges in a vessel and obstructs blood flow.
  20. gangrene
    A necrosis, or death of, of tissue, usually due to deficient or absent blood supply.
  21. scleropathy
    THe injection of a solution that causes the vessel to dry up and disintegrate
  22. stent
    A tubular device to give support to the interior of a vessel or tube, preventing its collapse.
  23. thrombectomy
    THe excision of a clot
  24. thrombophlebitis
    An inflammation of a vein related to formation of a blood clot within the vessel.
  25. thrombus
    A blood clot that obstructs a blood vessel or a cavity of the heart.
  26. varicose veins
    Enlarged and tortuous veins in which the distorted shape is the result of accumulations of pooled blood.
  27. vascular
    functioning of the blood vessels, either arterial or venous.
  28. ablation
    The removal of a part, as by incision; eradicaiton.
  29. atrial fibrillation
    Rapid, irregular, and ineffective contractions of the atria.
  30. arrhythmia
    Variation from the normal rhythm, especially of the heartbeat.
  31. Cardiac tamponade
    Compression of the heart caused by colleciton of fluid in the pericardial sac
  32. Cardiomyopathy
    Disease of the myocardium, especially due to primary disease of the heart muscle.
  33. Cardioversion
    A mild electrical shock delivered to the heart at a specific time in the cardiac cycle to interrrupt the abnormal rhythm and begin a new, normal rhythm of electrical impulse and contraction.
  34. dysrhythmia
    A variation from the normal rhythm, especially of the heartbeat.
  35. effusion
    An escape of fluid into a part or tissue as an exudation or transudation.
  36. endocardidits
    An inflammaiton of the membrane lining the cavities of the heart and of the connective tissue bed which it lies.
  37. friction rub
    A high-pitched, scratchy sound heard with the diaphragm of the stethoscope placed at the lower left sternal borer of the chest; a symptom of pericardidits.
  38. infarct
    A localized area of necrosis produced by ischemia caused by obstructed arterial supply or inadequate venous drainage.
  39. orthopneic position
    Sitting up in bed with two or three pillows behind the back
  40. palpitation
    A rapid, violent or throbbing pulsation, as an abnormally rapid throbbing or fluttering of the heart.
  41. pericardial effusion
    A collection of serous or purulent exudate in the pericardial cavity
  42. pericardiocentesis
    THe surgical puncture of the pericardial cavity for aspiration of fluid.
  43. pericardiotomy
    The surgical incision of the pericardium.
  44. pulsus paradoxus
    A drop in systolic blood pressure of greater thatn 10mm Hg on inspiration.
  45. angina pectoris
    Exterional chest pain caused by ischemia of the heart muscle and increased demand for oxygen.
  46. atherosclerosis
    A disease process in which fibrinous plaques are laid down on the inner walls of the arteries, thus narrowing the lumens of the vessels and predisposing them to the development of intravascular clots.
  47. CABG
    Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery
  48. Cardiomyoplasty
    A procedure wherein the latissimus dorsi muscle is detached from its natural position, brought around to the front of the body and wrapped around the heart. A pacemaker, connnected o the heart and back muscle, helps oost the heart's pumping action.
  49. coronary insufficiency
    Decreased or insufficient blood flow in the coronary arteries.
  50. drug-eluting stent
    continually releases an anticoagulant/antiplatelet drug.
  51. infarction
    Occurrence of a localized area of dead tissue produced by inadequate blood flow.
  52. MET
    An acornym for "metabolic equivalent of task", a measure of heat production by the body. This term is used with cardiac rehabilitation patients.
  53. myocardial infarction
    Necrosis of the myocardium as a result of interruption of blood suppy to the area.
  54. necrosis
    The changes that occur as a result of death of cells/ caused by enzymaticdegradtion.
  55. valvuloplasty
    A procedure in which a balloon catheter is threaded via the circulatory sstem through the heart and into the valve. The balloon is inflated to break open a stenosed valve.

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