EC chapter 9

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  1. What is another term for health disabilities
    special health care needs
  2. those individuals whose health situations are precarious and therefore whose ability to learn is compromised
    health disabilities
  3. those individuals who face physical challenges bacause their bodies are impaired
    physical disabilities
  4. physical disabilities that consist of problems with the structure or functioning of their bodies
    orthopedic impairments
  5. describes, collectively, conditions and diseases that create special health care needs or helth disabilities for students
    other helth impairments
  6. What do most students in the other health impairments category need more often than actual special education services?
  7. what are the two major groups of physical disabilities?
    • neuromotor impairments
    • muscular/skeletal conditions
  8. conditions caused by damage to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord)
    neuromotor impairments
  9. impairments that affect limbs or muscles
    muscular/skeletal conditions
  10. What other disability is frequently found with children with mental retardation?
  11. What are some examples of neuromotor impairments?
    • epilepsy
    • cerebral palsy
  12. what are some examples of muscular/skeletal conditions?
    • limb deficiencies
    • juvenile arthritis
  13. convulsive disorder caused by abnormal discharges of neurons in the brain?
    • epilepsy
    • seizure disorders
  14. a nonprogressive and noninfectious condition that affects body movement and muscle coordination as a result of damage to the brain usually from lack of oxygen
    Cerebral palsy
  15. What are the two forms of cerebral palsy?
    • congenital palsy
    • acquired cerebral palsy
  16. the science and technology that develop computer-controlled mechanical devices, including artificial arms and legs
  17. relatively common muscular/skeletal condition affecting joints and the function of muscles
    juvenile arthritis
  18. What are the two types of health disabilities?
    • chronic illnesses
    • infectious diseases
  19. a status that reflects that individual's health situation
    medically fragile
  20. a pulmonary disease causeing laborded breathing that is sometimes accompanied by shortness of breath, wheezing, and a cough
  21. What is the most common chronic illness among children as well as the leading cause of school absences and hospitizations of children?
  22. a very serious disease and a potentially fatal virus infection that is transmitted primarily through the exhange of bodily fluids
    human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  23. a deadly disease that destroys the immune system
    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  24. What are the three most common conditions seen at school?
    • epilepsy
    • cerebral palsy
    • sickle cell anemia
  25. What are the two different ways that seizures affect the brain?
    • generalized seizures (whole brain)
    • partial seizures (portion of brain)
  26. two names for the warning of an imminent seizure in the form of heightened sensory awareness
    • preictal stage
    • aura
  27. What are the four major types of seizures?
    • absense seizures
    • simple partial seizures
    • complex partial (psychomotor) seizures
    • generalized tonic-clonic seizures
  28. characterized by short lapses in consciousness
    • absense seizures
    • patit mal seizures
  29. cause people affected to think that their environments are distorted an dstrange and that inexplicable events and feelings have occured
    simple partial seizures
  30. short in duration and the individual returns to normal activities quickly
    complex partial seizures
  31. formerly referred to as grand mal seizures, most serious type and result in convulsions and loss of consciousness
    generalized tonic-clonic seizures
  32. What are the characteristics of cerebral palsy?
    • jerky movements
    • spasms
    • involuntary moevemtns
    • lack of muscle tone
  33. What are the three different ways cerebral palsy is classified?
    • spastic cerebral palsy
    • athetoid cerebral palsy
    • ataxia cerebral palsy
  34. a hereditary life-threatening blood disorder
    sickle cell anemia
  35. What group of people are most likely to have sickle cell anemia?
    African Americans
  36. What are the 5 main causes for physical and health disabilities?
    • infections and allegeries
    • heredity
    • accidents and injuries
    • multiple factors
    • "unknown"
  37. What are some general guidelines for preventing physical and health conditions?
    • good prenatal care
    • universal immunization programs
    • avoidance of injuries
    • hygiene
  38. students that require medical equipment such as ventilators to survive
    technolofy-dependent students
  39. testing for all newborns are called?
    universal screening
  40. skills and behaviors that influence successful academic performance
    aedemic enablers
  41. What are some skills that are involved with academic enablers?
    • interpersonal skills
    • motivation
    • study skills
    • engagement
  42. animals that are individually trained to benefit a person with a disability
    service or assistance animals
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EC chapter 9
2012-01-26 04:40:45

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