EC chapter 9
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What is another term for health disabilities
special health care needs
those individuals whose health situations are precarious and therefore whose ability to learn is compromised
those individuals who face physical challenges bacause their bodies are impaired
physical disabilities that consist of problems with the structure or functioning of their bodies
describes, collectively, conditions and diseases that create special health care needs or helth disabilities for students
other helth impairments
What do most students in the other health impairments category need more often than actual special education services?
what are the two major groups of physical disabilities?
- neuromotor impairments
- muscular/skeletal conditions
conditions caused by damage to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord)
impairments that affect limbs or muscles
What other disability is frequently found with children with mental retardation?
What are some examples of neuromotor impairments?
what are some examples of muscular/skeletal conditions?
- limb deficiencies
- juvenile arthritis
convulsive disorder caused by abnormal discharges of neurons in the brain?
- seizure disorders
a nonprogressive and noninfectious condition that affects body movement and muscle coordination as a result of damage to the brain usually from lack of oxygen
What are the two forms of cerebral palsy?
- congenital palsy
- acquired cerebral palsy
the science and technology that develop computer-controlled mechanical devices, including artificial arms and legs
relatively common muscular/skeletal condition affecting joints and the function of muscles
What are the two types of health disabilities?
- chronic illnesses
- infectious diseases
a status that reflects that individual's health situation
a pulmonary disease causeing laborded breathing that is sometimes accompanied by shortness of breath, wheezing, and a cough
What is the most common chronic illness among children as well as the leading cause of school absences and hospitizations of children?
a very serious disease and a potentially fatal virus infection that is transmitted primarily through the exhange of bodily fluids
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
a deadly disease that destroys the immune system
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
What are the three most common conditions seen at school?
- cerebral palsy
- sickle cell anemia
What are the two different ways that seizures affect the brain?
- generalized seizures (whole brain)
- partial seizures (portion of brain)
two names for the warning of an imminent seizure in the form of heightened sensory awareness
What are the four major types of seizures?
- absense seizures
- simple partial seizures
- complex partial (psychomotor) seizures
- generalized tonic-clonic seizures
characterized by short lapses in consciousness
- absense seizures
- patit mal seizures
cause people affected to think that their environments are distorted an dstrange and that inexplicable events and feelings have occured
simple partial seizures
short in duration and the individual returns to normal activities quickly
complex partial seizures
formerly referred to as grand mal seizures, most serious type and result in convulsions and loss of consciousness
generalized tonic-clonic seizures
What are the characteristics of cerebral palsy?
- jerky movements
- involuntary moevemtns
- lack of muscle tone
What are the three different ways cerebral palsy is classified?
- spastic cerebral palsy
- athetoid cerebral palsy
- ataxia cerebral palsy
a hereditary life-threatening blood disorder
sickle cell anemia
What group of people are most likely to have sickle cell anemia?
What are the 5 main causes for physical and health disabilities?
- infections and allegeries
- accidents and injuries
- multiple factors
What are some general guidelines for preventing physical and health conditions?
- good prenatal care
- universal immunization programs
- avoidance of injuries
students that require medical equipment such as ventilators to survive
testing for all newborns are called?
skills and behaviors that influence successful academic performance
What are some skills that are involved with academic enablers?
- interpersonal skills
- study skills
animals that are individually trained to benefit a person with a disability
service or assistance animals
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