Chapter 5

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Author:
jskunz
ID:
130684
Filename:
Chapter 5
Updated:
2012-01-26 00:03:06
Tags:
dermatology
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Description:
Dermatology
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  1. aden/o
    gland
  2. adip/o
    fat
  3. cutane/o
    skin
  4. cyan/o
    blue
  5. dermat/o
    skin
  6. hidr/o
    sweat
  7. kerat/o
    keratin, hard, hornlike
  8. lip/o
    fat
  9. melan/o
    melanin, black
  10. onych/o
    nail
  11. py/o
    pus
  12. seb/o
    sebum, oil
  13. trich/o
    hair
  14. ungu/o
    nail
  15. bi/o
    life
  16. carcin/o
    cancer
  17. chem/o
    chemical
  18. cry/o
    cold
  19. erythr/o
    red
  20. ichthy/o
    scaly
  21. leuk/o
    white
  22. myc/o
    fungus
  23. necr/o
    death
  24. scler/o
    hard
  25. vesic/o
    bladder, sac
  26. xanth/o
    yellow
  27. xer/o
    dry
  28. -al
    pertaining to
  29. -cle
    small
  30. -cyte
    cell
  31. -derma
    skin condition
  32. -ectomy
    surgical removal
  33. -genic
    producing
  34. -ia
    state, condition
  35. -ic
    pertaining to
  36. -itis
    inflammation
  37. -logist
    one who studies
  38. -logy
    study of
  39. -malacia
    abnormal softening
  40. -megaly
    enlargement, large
  41. -oid
    resembling
  42. -oma
    tumor, mass
  43. -opsy
    view of
  44. -ose
    pertaining to
  45. -osis
    abnormal condition
  46. -ous
    pertaining to
  47. -pathy
    disease
  48. -phagia
    eating or swallowing
  49. -plasty
    surgical repair
  50. -rrhea
    flow, discharge
  51. -sclerosis
    hardened condition
  52. -tic
    pertaining to
  53. -tome
    instrument used to cut
  54. an-
    without
  55. epi-
    above, upon
  56. hyper-
    excessive, above
  57. hypo-
    below
  58. intra-
    inside, within
  59. pachy-
    thick
  60. per-
    through
  61. sub-
    beneath, under
  62. trans-
    across
  63. abrasion
    skin injury that scrapes away the surface of the skin
  64. abcess
    infection by pyogenic bacteria resulting in localized collection of pus
  65. alopecia
    baldness
  66. basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
    • carcin/o = cancer
    • -oma = tumor
    • Skin cancer in basal cell layer of the epidermis; very common cancer caused by sun exposure but rarely metastasizes or spreads.
  67. biopsy (BX, bx)
    • bi/o = life ; -opsy = to view
    • surgical procedure to remove a piece of tissue by needle, knife, punch, or brush to examine under a microscope in order to make a diagnosis
  68. boil
    bacterial infection of a hair follicle; also called a furuncle
  69. burn, 1st degree
    mild burn that damages epidermis only; results in erythema but no blisters; generally, there is no scarring
  70. burn, 2nd degree
    burn damage that extends through the epidermis and into the dermis, causing blisters to form; scarring may occur
  71. burn, 3rd degree
    Burn damage to the full thickness of skin and into underlying tissues; infection and fluid loss are major concerns; usually requires skin grafts to cover burned areas; scarring will occur
  72. cauterization
    Intentional destruction of the tissue by a caustic chemical, electric current, laser or freezing
  73. cellulitis
    inflammation of connective tissue cells of skin
  74. chemabrasion
    • chem/o = chemical
    • Removal of superficial layers of skin using chemicals; also called chemical peel
  75. contusion
    blunt trauma to skin that results in bruising
  76. cryosurgery
    • cry/o = cold
    • Using extreme cold to freeze and destroy tissue
  77. culture and sensitivity (C&S)
    Lab test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from infected area in order to identify the specific type of bacteria and then determine its sensitivity to a variety of antibiotics
  78. cyst
    fluid-filled sac under the skin, usually not infected
  79. debridement
    removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue from a wound
  80. decubitus ulcer (decub)
    • open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences obstructing blood flow; can appear in bedridden patients who lie in one position too long and can be difficult to heal.
    • commonly called bedsore or pressure sore
  81. dermabrasion
    • derm/o = skin
    • scraping skin with rotating wire brushes or sandpaper; used to remove acne scars
  82. ecchymosis
    "black and blue" skin bruise caused by blood collecting under skin after trauma.
  83. erythema
    • erythr/o = red
    • redness of skin
  84. fissure
    cracklike break in skin

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