Chapter 3&4

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Author:
cnpinder
ID:
130688
Filename:
Chapter 3&4
Updated:
2012-01-26 11:25:05
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medical terminology
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Description:
chapter 3 and 4 terms to know for exam
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  1. ven/o
    vein
  2. trache/o
    trachea (windpipe)
  3. tonsill/o
    tonsil
  4. thromb/o
    clot
  5. throac/o
    chest
  6. strept/o
    twisted chains
  7. staphyl/o
    clusters
  8. splen/o
    spleen
  9. sarc/o
    flesh
  10. rhin/o
    nose
  11. ren/o
    kidney
  12. rect/o
    rectum
  13. radi/o
    x-ray
  14. pneumon/o
    pulmon/o
    lungs
  15. pleur/o
    pleura
  16. plas/o
    formation, development
  17. phleb/o
    vein
  18. phag/o
    to eat, swallow
  19. peritone/o
    peritoneum
  20. path/o
    disease
  21. ot/o
    ear
  22. oste/o
    bone
  23. ophthalm/o
    eye
  24. nucle/o
    nucleus
  25. neutr/o
    neutrophil (white blood cell)
  26. neur/o
    nerve
  27. nephr/o
    kidney
  28. necr/o
    death
  29. myel/o
    • spinal cord
    • bone marrow
  30. my/o
    muscle
  31. muc/o
    mucus
  32. morph/o
    • shape
    • form
  33. mamm/o
    mast/o
    breast
  34. lymph/o
    lymph
  35. leuk/o
    white
  36. laryng/o
    larynx (voice box)
  37. lapar/o
    • abdomen
    • abdominal wall
  38. isch/o
    to hold back
  39. inguin/o
    groin
  40. hydr/o
    • water
    • fluid
  41. hepat/o
    liver
  42. hem/o
    blood
  43. erythr/o
    red
  44. encephal/o
    brain
  45. cyst/o
    urinary bladder
  46. col/o
    colon
  47. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  48. chron/o
    time
  49. chrondr/o
    cartilage
  50. chem/o
    • drug
    • chemical
  51. cardi/o
    heart
  52. carcin/o
    cancer
  53. bronch/o
    bronchial tubes
  54. blephar/o
    eyelid
  55. bi/o
    life
  56. axill/o
    armpit
  57. arthr/o
    joint
  58. arteri/o
    artery
  59. angi/o
    vessel
  60. amni/o
    amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)
  61. adip/o
    fat
  62. aden/o
    gland
  63. acu/o
    • sharp
    • severe
    • sudden
  64. acr/o
    • extremities
    • top
  65. pub/o
    • pubis (pubic bone)
    • anterior portion of the pelvic or hipbone
  66. ox/o
    oxygen
  67. norm/o
    • rule
    • order
  68. nect/o
    • to bind
    • tie
    • connect
  69. nat/i
    birth
  70. mort/o
    death
  71. morph/o
    • shape
    • form
  72. immun/o
    protection
  73. glyc/o
    sugar
  74. gloss/o
    tongue
  75. furc/o
    • forking
    • branching
  76. flex/o
    to bend
  77. duct/o
    • to lead
    • carry
  78. dactyl/o
    • fingers
    • toes
  79. cutane/o
    skin
  80. cost/o
    rib
  81. cis/o
    to cut
  82. cib/o
    meals
  83. carp/o
    wrist bones
  84. seps/o
    infection
  85. somn/o
    sleep
  86. son/o
    sound
  87. the/o
    • to put
    • place
  88. thel/o
    nipple
  89. thyr/o
    • thyroid gland
    • shield
  90. top/o
    • place
    • location
    • position
  91. tox/o
    poison
  92. trache/o
    • windpipe
    • trachea
  93. urethr/o
    urethra
  94. -scopy (laparoscopy)
    process of visually examining with an endoscope
  95. -opsy (biopsy)
    process of viewing
  96. -gram (electroencephalogram)
    record
  97. -oid (adenoids, mucoid)
    resembling
  98. -emia (anemia)
    blood condition
  99. -ectomy (laryngectomy, mastectomy)
    removal, excision
  100. -er (radiographer)
    one who
  101. -ia (leukemia, pneumonia)
    condition
  102. -um, -ium (percardium)
    structure, tissue
  103. -ole, -ule (arteriole)
    little, small
  104. -cyte (erthocyte)
    cell
  105. -algia (arthralgia, otalgia)
    pain
  106. -itis (bronchitis, tonsillitis)
    inflammation
  107. -logy (ophthalmology)
    process of studying
  108. -oma (myoma, myosarcoma)
    tumor, mass, swelling
  109. -osis (increosis, hydronephrosis)
    condition, abnormal
  110. -pathy (cardiomyopathy)
    disease condition
  111. -scope (laparoscope)
    instrument to visually examine
  112. -tomy (laparotomy)
    process of cutting, incision
  113. -genic (carcinogenic, osteogenic)
    pertaining to, producing, produced by, produced in
  114. -ic, -ical (chronic, pathologic)
    pertaining to
  115. -ac, -iac (cardiac)
    pertaining to
  116. -y (nephropathy)
    process, condition
  117. -al (peritoneal, inguinal)
    pertaining to
  118. -ist (nephrologist)
    specialist
  119. -us (mucus, esophagus)
    substance, structure
  120. -ar, -ary (tonsillar, pulmonary)
    pertaining to
  121. -eal (laryngeal)
    pertaining to
  122. -ose (adipose)
    pertaining to, full of
  123. -ous (mucous)
    pertaining to
  124. -tic (necrotic)
    pertaining to
  125. -trophy (hypertrophy, atrophy)
    developement, nourishment
  126. -therapy (hydrotherapy, chemotherapy)
    treatment
  127. -stomy (colostomy, tracheostomy)
    opening to form a stoma (mouth)
  128. -statis (metastatis)
    stopping, controlling
  129. -sclerosis (arteriosclerosis)
    hardening
  130. -ptosis (blepharoptosis)
    falling, dropping, prolapse
  131. -plasty (angioplasty)
    surgical repair
  132. -plasia (achondroplasia)
    development, formation, growth
  133. -phobia (acrophobia, agroaphobia)
    fear
  134. -penia (erythropenia, neutropenia)
    deficiency
  135. -megaly (acromegaly, splenomegaly)
    enlargement
  136. -malacia (osteomalacia)
    softening
  137. -lysis (hemolysis)
    breakdown, destruction, separation
  138. -graphy (electroencephalography)
    process of recording
  139. -graph (electroencephalograph)
    instrument for recording
  140. -genesis (carcinogenesis, pathogenesis)
    condition of producing, forming
  141. -dynia (pluerodynia)
    pain
  142. -coccus, -cocci (streptococcus, staphylococci)
    berry-shaped bacterium
  143. -centesis (thoracentesis, aminocentesis)
    surgical puncture to remove fluid
  144. -cele (rectocele, cystocele)
    hernia
  145. -blast
    embryonic, immature
  146. -crine
    to secrete
  147. -cyesis
    pregnancy
  148. -drome
    to run
  149. -fusion
    coming together, to pour
  150. -gen
    substance that produces
  151. -lapse
    to slide, fall, sag
  152. -meter
    to measure
  153. -mission
    to send
  154. -or
    one who
  155. -partum
    birth, labor
  156. -phoria
    to bear, carry; feeling (mental state)
  157. -physis
    to grow
  158. -plasm
    structure, formation
  159. -pnea
    breathing
  160. -rrhea
    flow, discharge

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