EC chapter 10 and 11

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EC chapter 10 and 11
2012-01-26 00:50:14

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  1. those with profound hearing loss who cannot understand sounds with or without hearing aids
  2. those with hearing losses that impair their understanding of sounds including communication- profit from listening
    hard of hearing
  3. What does ASL stand for?
    American Sign Language
  4. Who is often creditted for being the father of education for the deaf in the US?
    Laurent Clerc
  5. a language that uses manual communication signs, has all the elements of other languages and is not parallel to English in either structure or word order
    American Sign Language
  6. What are the two general types of hearing loss?
    • conductive hearing loss
    • sensorineural heraing loss
  7. blockage or damage to the outer or middle ear that prevents sound waves from traveling to the inner ear
    conductive hearing loss
  8. damage to the inner ear or the auditory nerve cause the problem
    sensorineural hearing loss
  9. What are the 5 different levels of hearing loss?
    • mild
    • moderate
    • moderately severe
    • severe
    • profound
  10. how much functional hearing the person has
    residual hearing
  11. a person who becomes deaf before they learn to speak and understand language
    perligually deaf
  12. What percent of deaf children and youth are preligually deaf?
  13. someone who developed profound hearing loss after they already learned to speak and understand language
    postlingually deaf
  14. being born Deaf to Deaf parents
    Deaf of Deaf
  15. What does CODA stand for?
    Child of a Deaf Adult
  16. manual communication translation of English
    Signed English
  17. as a general rule of thumb, as the degree of hearing loss increases what decreases?
    the intelligibility of speech
  18. over half of the people with hearing problems are over what age?
    65 years old
  19. What are the four most common known causes for child's deafness and hearing impairment?
    • heredity and genetics
    • meningitis
    • otitis media
    • noise
  20. help people with hearing losses by increasing the amplification of sounds in the environment, including others' speech
    assistive listening devices
  21. assistive device that amplifies sounds but is not surgically implanted
    hearing aid
  22. what are the four different kinds of hearing aids?
    • behind the ear
    • in the ear
    • in the canal
    • completely in the canal
  23. automatically adjust volume by amplifying sounds only to the degree necessary to compensate for the loss at each frequency of sound. also reduce background noise
    digital hearing aids
  24. surgically implanted devices that use a small speech processor and microphone to detect sound and then send electrical signals to the implanted receiver/stimulator
    cochlear implants
  25. what are the two qualities of sound that are measured in the assessment process?
    • frequency of sound
    • sound intensity
  26. What is frequency of sound measured in?
  27. What is sound intensity measured in?
  28. a specialist in the assessment of hearing abilities?
  29. an instrument that produces sounds at precise frequencies and intensities
  30. What are the 4 different approaches to delivering instruction to a deaf student?
    • oral-only approach
    • total communication approach
    • cued speech
    • bilingual-bicultural approach
  31. a form of manual communication, different from ASL, assigns each letter of teh alphabet a sign
    finger spelling
  32. senses that provide us with information outside our bodies and examples of them
    • distance senses
    • vision and hearing
  33. causes visual disabilities ranging from mild visual loss to blindness in surviving infants
    retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)
  34. how well a person can use sight?
    visual efficiency
  35. how well a person can see at various distances
    visual acuity
  36. the width of a person's field of vision
    peripheral vision
  37. severe limitation in peripheral vision
    • tunnel vision
    • restricted central vision
  38. the amound of vision they have left
    residual vision
  39. What are the two subgroups of those with visual disabilities?
    • low vision
    • blindness
  40. use sight to learn, but their vision disabilities interfere with daily functioning
    low vision
  41. the person uses touch and hearing to learn and does not have functional use of sight
  42. the term used by the federal government for this purpose
    legally blind
  43. blindness at birth or during infancy
    congenital blindness
  44. blindness occuring after the age of two
    adventitious blindness
  45. what percentage of students with visual disabilities have sufficient functional vision ot read the standard print
  46. a coded system of dots embossed on paper so that individuals can feel a page of text
  47. the mental map that people have of their surroundings
  48. the ability to travel safely and efficiently from one place to another
  49. what is the percentage of blind people who are children?
  50. How many children with a visual disability also have another disability along with it?
  51. what three categories can visual input devices be put in?
    • visual input
    • audio input
    • tactile input
  52. the system for testing acuity when the individual cannot actively or reliably participate in visual assessment
  53. test used to test visual acuity developed in 1862
    Snellen Chart
  54. What is a commonly used accommodation for students with disabilities?
    • extended time
    • use of a computer