Medical Terminology

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Anonymous
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130754
Filename:
Medical Terminology
Updated:
2012-01-26 10:11:35
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Integumentary System
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test #3
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  1. adip/o
    FAT
  2. lip/o
    FAT
  3. steat/o
    FAT
  4. -cele
    hernia, swelling
  5. cutane/o
    SKIN
  6. dermat/o
    SKIN
  7. derm/o
    SKIN
  8. hidr/o
    SWEAT
  9. sudor/o
    SWEAT
  10. -esis
    CONDITION
  11. aden
    GLAND
  12. ichthy/o
    DRY, SCALY
  13. -osis
    abnormal condition; increasing (used primarily with blood cells)
  14. kerat/o
    HORNY TISSUE; HARD; CORNEA
  15. melan/o
    BLACK
  16. myc/o
    FUNGUS (PLURAL, FUNGI)
  17. onych/o
    NAIL
  18. -malacia
    SOFTENING
  19. pil/o
    HAIR
  20. trich/o
    HAIR
  21. nid
    NEST
  22. scler/o
    HARDENING; SCLERA (WHITE OF EYE)
  23. seb/o
    SEBUM, SEBACEOUS
  24. squam/o
    SCALE
  25. ser/o
    DRY
  26. -derma
    SKIN
  27. -oid
    RESEMBLINE
  28. py-
    PUS
  29. -phoresis
    CARRYING, TRANSMISSION
  30. dia-
    ACROSS, THROUGH
  31. -plasty
    SURGICAL REPAIR
  32. -therapy
    TREATMENT
  33. cry-
    COLD
  34. -is
    A PART OF SPEECH (NOUN)
  35. sudoriferous
    sweat glands that produce sweat or perspiration
  36. xer-
    EXCESSIVE DRYNESS
  37. albin/o
    WHITE
  38. -ism
    CONDITION
  39. cyan/o
    BLUE
  40. erythr/o
    RED
  41. leuk/o
    WHITE
  42. xanth/o
    YELLOW
  43. WBC
    white blood cell or white blood count
  44. AIDS
    aquired immune deficiency syndrome
  45. Kaposi sarc/oma
    type of skin cancer associated with the AIDS virus
  46. necr/o
    DEATH
  47. carcin/oma
    TYPE SKIN CANCER THAT AFFECTS THE BASAL CELL LAYER OF THE EPIDERMIS
  48. gangrene
    form of necr/o, associated with loss of blood supply
  49. auto-
    SELF
  50. graft
    TISSUE TRANSPLANTED OR IMPLANTED IN A PART OF THE BODY TO REPAIR A DEFECT
  51. BCC
    basal cell carcinoma
  52. Bx, bx
    biopsy
  53. cm
    centimeter
  54. Derm
    dermatology
  55. FH
    family history
  56. FS
    frozen section
  57. I&D
    incision and drainage; irrigation and debridement
  58. ID
    intradermal
  59. IM
    intramuscular
  60. IMP
    impression (synonymous with diagnosis)
  61. PE
    physical examination
  62. subcu, Sub-Q, subQ
    subcutaneous (injection)
  63. ung
    ointment
  64. XP, XDP
    xeroderma pigmentosum
  65. abrasion
    scraping, or rubbing away of a surface, such as skin, by friction
  66. abscess
    localized collection of pus at the site of an infection
  67. furuncle
    abscess that originates in a hair follicle; also called a boil
  68. carbuncle
    cluster of furuncles in the subcutaneous tissue
  69. acne
    inflammatory disease of sebaceous follicles of the skin, marked by comedos (blackheads), papules, and pustules
  70. alopecia
    absence or loss of hair, especially of the head; also known as baldness
  71. comedo
    discolored, dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin; also called a blackhead
  72. cyst
    closed sac or pouch in or under the skin with a definite wall that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material
  73. eczema
    redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries
  74. hemorrhage
    loss of a large amount of blood in a short period, externally or internally
  75. contusion
    hemorrhage of any size under the skin in which the skin is not broke; also known as a bruise
  76. ecchymosis
    skin discoloration consisting of a large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colors changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow; commonly called a bruise
  77. petechia
    minute, pinpoint hemorrhagic spot of the skin
  78. hematoma
    elevated, localized collection of blood trapped under the skin that usually results from trauma
  79. hirsutism
    condition characterized by excessive growth of hair or presence of hair in unusual places, especially in women
  80. impetigo
    bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture
  81. psoriasis
    chronic skin disease characterized by itchy red patches covered with silvery scales
  82. scabies
    contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite
  83. skin lesions
    areas of pathologically altered tissue caused by disease, injury, or a wound due to external factors or internal disease
  84. primary lesions
    initial reaction to pathologically altered tissue that many be flat or elevated
  85. secondary lesions
    result from the changes that take place in the primary lesion due to infection, scratching, trauma, or various stages of a disease
  86. tinea
    fungal infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affected; also called ringworm
  87. ulcer
    lesion of the skin or mucouse membranes marked by inflammation, necrosis, and sloughing of damaged tissues
  88. pressure ulcer
    skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure, usually in a person who is bedridden; also known as decubitus ulcer or bedsore
  89. urticaria
    allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale-red elevated patches that are intensely itchy; also called wheals or hives
  90. verruca
    rounded epidermal growths caused by a virus; also called wart
  91. vitiligo
    localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches; also called leukoderma
  92. biopsy
    removal of a small piece of living tissue from an organ or other part of the body for microsopic examination to confirm or establish a diagnosis, estimate prognosis, or follow the course of a disease
  93. skin test
    method for determining induced sensitivity (allergy) by applying or inoculating a suspected allergen or sensitizer into the skin and determining sensitivity (allergy) to the specific antigen by an inflammatory skin reaction to it
  94. cryosurgery
    use of subfreezing temperature, commonly with liquid nitrogen, to destroy abnormal tissue cells, such as unwanted, cancerous, or infected tissue
  95. debridement
    treatment that involves removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue, especially in a wound, and is used to promote healing and prevent infection
  96. electrodessication
    process in which high-frequency electrical sparks are used to dehydrate and destroy diseased tissue
  97. incision and drainage (I&D)
    incision of a lesion, such as an abscess, followed by the drainage of its contents
  98. skin graft
    surgical procedure to transplant healthy tissue by applying it to an injured site
  99. allograft
    transplantation of healthy tissue from one person to another person; also called homograft
  100. autograft
    transplantation of healthy tissue from one site to another site in the same individual
  101. synthetic
    transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged in a lattice pattern
  102. xenograft
    transplantation (dermis only) from a foreign donor (usually a pig) and transferred to a human; also called heterograft
  103. skin resurfacing
    procedure that repairs damaged skin, acne scars, fine or deep wrinkles, or tattoos or improves skin tone irregularities through the use of topical chemicals, abrasion, or laser
  104. chemical peel
    use of chemicals to remove outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring and general keratoses as well as cosmetic purposes to remove fine wrinkles on the face; also called chemabrasion
  105. cutaneous laser
    any of several laser treatments employed for cosmetic and plastic surgery
  106. dermabrasion
    removal of acne scars, nevi, tattoos, or fine wrinkles on the skin through the use of sandpaper, wire brushes, or other abrasive materials on the epidermal layer
  107. PRIMARY LESION
    ELEVATED LESION
    papule
    solid, elevated lesion less than 1cm in diameter that may be the same color as the skin or pigmented
  108. PRIMARY LESION
    ELEVATED LESION
    nodule
    palpable, circumscribed lesion; larger and deeper than a papule; extends into the dermal area
  109. PRIMARY LESION
    ELEVATED LESION
    tumor
    solid, elevated lesion larger than 2 cm in diameter that extends into the dermal and subcutaneous layers
  110. PRIMARY LESION
    ELEVATED LESION
    wheal
    elevated, firm, rounded lesion with localized skin edema (swelling) that varies in size, shape, and color; paler in the center than its surrounding edges; accompanied by itching
  111. PRIMARY LESION
    ELEVATED LESION
    vesicle
    elevated, circumscribed, fluid-filled lesion less than 0.5 cm in diameter
  112. PRIMARY LESION
    ELEVATED LESION
    pustule
    small, raised, circumscribed lesion that contains pus; usually less than 1 cm in diameter
  113. PRIMARY LESION
    ELEVATED LESION
    bulla
    a vesicle or blister larger than 1 cm in diameter
  114. PRIMARY LESION
    FLAT LESION
    macule
    flat, pigmented, circumscribed area less than 1 cm in diameter
  115. SECONDARY LESION
    DEPRESSED LESION
    excoriations
    linear scratch marks or traumatized abrasions of the epidermis
  116. SECONDARY LESION
    DEPRESSED LESION
    fissure
    small slit or cracklike sore that extends into the dermal layer; could be caused by continuous inflammation and drying
  117. SECONDARY LESION
    DEPRESSED LESION
    ulcer
    an open sore or lesion that extends to the dermis and usually heals with scarring
  118. DEPRESSED LESION
    caused by loss of skin surface
  119. skin layers
    • epidermis
    • dermis- hair follicle, sudoriferous (sweat) gland, sebaceous (oil) gland
    • subcutaneous layer- fat

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