Med Term 2

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
130771
Filename:
Med Term 2
Updated:
2012-01-26 10:19:02
Tags:
body structure
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Description:
test #2
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  1. chondr/o
    cartilage
  2. cyt/o
    cell
  3. hist/o
    tissue
  4. nucle/o
    nucleus
  5. anter/o
    anterior; front
  6. caud/o
    tail
  7. dist/o
    far; farthest
  8. dors/o
    back (of body)
  9. infer/o
    lower; below
  10. later/o
    side, to one side
  11. medi/o
    middle
  12. poster/o
    back (of body), behind, posterior
  13. proxim/o
    near, nearest
  14. super/o
    upper; above
  15. vert/o
    belly, belly side
  16. -ad
    toward
  17. -logist
    specialist in the study of
  18. -logy
    study of
  19. -lysis
    separation, destruction, loosening
  20. -toxic
    poison
  21. the 10 ADJECTIVE suffixes that mean pertaining to
    • -ac
    • -al
    • -ar
    • -ary
    • -eal
    • -iac
    • -ic
    • -ior
    • -ous
    • -tic
  22. anatomic/al position
    everything forward, including palms
  23. median plane
    midsagittal, vertical- left and right side
  24. frontal plane
    coronal, vertical- front (anterior) & back (posterior)
  25. horizontal plane
    transverse, horizontal- top (superior) & bottom (inferior)
  26. ab-
    away from
  27. -duction
    means act of leading, bringing, conducting
  28. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  29. cephal/o
    head
  30. cervic/o
    neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
  31. crani/o
    cranium (skull)
  32. gastr/o
    stomach
  33. ili/o
    ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)
  34. inguin/o
    groin
  35. lumb/o
    loins (lower back)
  36. pelv/i* or pelv/o
    pelvis
  37. spin/o
    spine
  38. thorac/o
    chest
  39. umbilic/o
    umbilicus (navel)
  40. body plane
    imaginary flat surface that divides the body into 2 sections
  41. cross-sectional
    also a trans/verse section
  42. -graphy
    process of recording
  43. radi/o
    radiation, x-ray; radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)
  44. trans-
    through, across
  45. -verse
    turning
  46. RUQ
    right upper quadrant
  47. LUQ
    left upper quadrant
  48. RLQ
    right lower quadrant
  49. LLQ
    left lower quadrant
  50. hypo-
    below, under
  51. epi-
    above or on
  52. abd
    abdomen
  53. ant
    anterior
  54. AP
    anteroposterior
  55. Bx, bx
    biopsy
  56. LAT, lat
    lateral
  57. CT
    computed tomography
  58. CXR
    chest x-ray, chest radiograph
  59. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  60. PA
    posteroanterior; pernicious anemia; pulmonary artery; physician assistant
  61. U & L, U/L
    upper and lower
  62. PET
    positron emission tomography
  63. US
    ultrasound; ultrasonography
  64. SPECT
    single photon emission computed tomography
  65. adhesion
    band of scar tissue binding anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other
  66. inflammation
    protective response of body tissues to irritation, infection, or allergy
  67. sepsis
    body's inflammatory response to infection, in which there is fever, elevated heart and respiratory rate, and low blood pressure
  68. endo-
    in, within
  69. scopy
    visual examination
  70. -scope
    instrument for visual examination
  71. fluor/o
    luminous, fluorescence
  72. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    radiographic technique that uses electromagnetic energy to produce multiplanar cross-sectional images of the body
  73. nuclear scan
    diagnostic technique that produces an image of an organ or area by recording the concentration of a radiopharmaceutical introduced into the body
  74. pharmaceutic
    drug medicine
  75. scan
    technique for carefully studying an area, organ, or system of the body by recording and displaying an image of the area
  76. tomography
    radiographic technique that produces a film representing a detailed cross-section, or slice, of an area, tissue or organ at a predetermined depth
  77. computed tomography (CT)
    radiographic technique that uses a narrow beam of x-rays that rotates in a full arc around the patient to acquire multiple views of the body that a computer interprets to produce cross-sectional images of that body part
  78. positron emission tomography (PET)
    radiographic technique combining computed tomography with radiopharmaceuticals that produces a cross-sectional (transverse) image of the dispersement of radioactivity (through emission of positrons) in a section of the body to reveal the areas where the radiopharmaceutical is being metabolized and where there is a deficiency in metabolism
  79. single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)
    type of nuclear imaging study that scans organs after injection of a radioactive tracer and employs a specialized gamma camera that detects emitted radiation to produce a three-dimensional image from a composite of numerous views
  80. ultrasonography (US)
    imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) that bounce off body tissues and are recorded to produce an image of an internal organ or tissue
  81. ultra
    excess, beyond
  82. son
    sound
  83. anastomosis
    connection between two vessels; surgical joining of two ducts, blood vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to the other
  84. cauterize
    process of burning abnormal tissue with electricity, freezing, heat, or chemicals

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