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  1. Anterior
    The front; before

    The navel is on the __________ surface of the trunk
  2. Ventral
    The belly side (equivalent to anterior when referring to the human body)

    In humans, the navel is on the _________ surface
  3. Posterior
    The back; behind

    The shoulder blade is located ____________ to the rib cage
  4. Dorsal
    The back (equivalent to posterior when referring to the human body)

    The _________ body cavity encloses the brain and the spinal cord
  5. Cranial or cephalic
    The head

    The ____ or ______, border of the pelvis is on the side toward the head rather than toward the thigh
  6. Superior
    Above, at a higher level (in the human body, toward the head)

    In humans, the cranial border of the pelvis is ______ to the thigh
  7. Caudal
    The tail (coccyx in humans)

    The hips are _______ to the waist
  8. Inferior
    Below; at a lower level

    The knees are _____ to the hips
  9. Medial
    Toward the body's longitudinal axis; toward the midsagittal plane

    The _____ surfaces of the thighs may be in contact; moving _______from the arm across the chest surface brings you to the sternum
  10. Lateral
    Away from the body's longitudinal axis; away from the midsagittal plane

    The thigh articulates with the _______ surface of the pelvis; moving _________ from the nose brings you to the eyes
  11. Proximal
    Toward an attached base (used for limbs)

    The thigh is _____ to the foot; moving ________ from the wrist brings you to the elbow
  12. Distal
    Away from an attached base (used for limbs)

    Fingers are _____ to the wrist; moving __________ from the elbow brings you to the wrist
  13. Superficial
    At, near, or relatively close to the body surface

    The skin is _________ to underlying structures
  14. Deep
    Farther from the body surface

    The bone of the thigh is _______ to the surrounding skeletal muscles
Card Set:
2012-01-26 17:24:55
bio245 directional

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