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What did Theodore Roosevelt do to earn the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906?
successfully negotiated the Treaty of Portsmouth
What was the name of the treaty that officially ended the war between the United States and Spain in 1898?
Treaty of Paris
sent artist Frederick Remington to Cuba with the instructions, "you furnish the pictures and i'll furnish the war"
published the New York World, one of the nation's leading yellow journalism newspapers
added to the Monroe Doctrine by President Theodore Roosevelt, giving the U.S. the power of an innternatinoal police officer in Latin America
**yellow journalism: what role did it play in the U.S. decision to enter the Spanish-American War?
- -style of writing that exaggerates the news to lure & enrage readers.
- -It shaped the public opinion, turning readers against spaniards
became a popular rallying cry for US intervention in Cuba in 1898
"Remember the Maine"
Panama was controlled by what nation?
How much money did the US pay to Columbia to compensate it for its lost territory?
Who was the last monarch of an independent Hawaii?
Where did the US attempted to protect its trading interests?
Who was the Secretary of State who issued the Open Door Notes?
China; John Hay
Why did President Theodore Roosevelt feel the US needed a canal cutting across Central America?
It would reduce travel time for commercial and military ships by providing a shortcut between Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
4 major goals of the Progressive Movement?
- -protecting social welfare
- -promoting moral improvement
- -creating economic reform
- -fostering efficiency
What 1911 tragedy in NYC led to improved factory safety laws and fire codes?
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory/Fire
**Who were the muckrakers, and how did they contribute to the Progressive Movement?
journalists who wrote about the corrupt side of business & public life
The sickening conditions in the meatpacking industry were exposed in what famous book written by Upton Sinclair? &
& What law did it inspire?
The Jungle; Meat Inspection Act
Who described John D. Rockefeller's cutthroat methods of eliminating the competition in her book History of the Standard Oil Company?
Ida M. Tarbell
Lincoln Steffens exposed business and government corruption in books such as The Struggle for Self Government and _____.
The Shame of the Cities
Which of the 4 candidates in the 1912 election was NOT considered a reform candidate?
Taft- conservative- not a lot of progressive change
What 3 approaches did women use to achieve their objective of gaining voting rights?
- -convinced state legislatures
- -challenged 14th amendment
- - pushed for constitutional ammendment
Alice Paul helped form the National Women's Party, which pressured the US government to do what?
pass a suffrage amendment (19th amendment)
Although he was known as a trustbutter, Teddy Roosevelt didn't believe all trusts were hamful. What trusts did he want to curb the actions of?
those that hurt the public interest
What was the purpose of the Chinese Exclusion Act?
banned entry to all Chinese except (students,teachers,merchants,tourists, & gov. officials)
A bill that's originated by the people rather than lawmakers is known as an: A vote on this is:
What enables voters to remove public officials from office?
What did Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom reform program do?
It included stronger anti-trust laws & reduced tariffs and banking reform
President Taft angered Progressives by...
signing the Payne-Aldrich Tariff
What did the Pure Food & Drug Act do?
halted the sale of contaminated foods and medicines and called for truth in labeling.
What was the main US immigration station on the East Coast?
Ellis Island, NY
Where was Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated, triggering the start of WW1?
What were the 3 "isms" that are considered backround causes of WW1?
nationalism, imperialism, & militarism
devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation?
extending a nation's authority over other countires by economic, political, or military means
the development of the armed forces, their use as a tool of diplomacy
Why did some US Senators oppose US membership in the League of Nations?
some believed it was too harsh, sell out of imperialism, eco. consequences will pull down Europe & injure US
The advantage of Germany's Schlieffen Plan
it would allow germany to drive quickly toward Paris by taking a shortcut through Belgium
** What events led to the US decision of entering WW1?
- -germany breaking sussex pledge
- -zimmerman note
- -sinking of 4 unarmed american merchant ships
What side did the US join when entering WW1?
Why did Russia drop out of the war?
result of Communist revolution
Espionage & Sedition Acts
silenced any ideas that challenged gov. authority and threated freedom of speech
how did the US use propaganda to popularize WW1?
set up the nation's first propoganda agency, the Committee on Public Info
The Treaty of Versailles did not attempt to treat all nations justly. explain.
humiliated germany=blamed for ww1
What position did US have in the 1st 3 years of WW1?
Selective Service Act
requred american men to register with the government in order to be randomly selected for military service
What were some of the new mechanized weapons used in WW1?
tank & airplane
population shift of african americans from the south to cities in the north during WW1.
WW1 leaders-wilson,george,orlando,& clemenceau- came together to negotiate treaty that ended the war
president wilson's plan for peace
an alliance between mexico and germany, promised that if war with the US broke out, Germany would support mexico in recovering "lost territory"
What scandal of the 20's centered on leasing oil-rick public land to private oil companies?
teapot dome scandal
Warren G. Harding
scandals tainted his presidency
1st nonstop solo transatlantic flight
hidden saloons and nightclubs of the prohibition era
prohibition era launched by it
americans legally purchased liquor from them
literal interpretation of the bible
John T. Scopes
struggle between science and religion, trial for teaching darwin's thory of evolution
literary and artistic movement celebrating african-american culture
what were some of the primary causes of the Great depression?
- -tariffs and war debt policies
- -farm crisis
- -availability of easy credit
- -unequal distribution of wealth
**What factors led to the Stock Market Crash of '29?
- -stock prices peaked & fell
- -confidence fell
- -investors sold stocks
- -market took plunge
buying on margin
paying a small % of a stock's price as a down payment and borrowing the rest
the bottom fell out of the market and the nation's confidence
President Hoover rejected the Idea of...
derogatory nickname for migrant workers who went to CA to find work as farmhands after being victimized by the dust bowl
AAA-agricultural adjustment act
raised crop prices by lowering production, gov. payed farmers to leave some acres unseeded
Who encouraged FDR to provide relief to americans by reminding him about the suffering of the nation's people?
What author described the hardshps that Oklahomans who left the dust bowl experienced in CA in his classic novel The Grapes of Wrath?
What was FDRs first major step as president?
to carry out reforms in banking and finance
CCC- civilian conservation corps
provided jobs for single males on conservation projects
WPA- works progress administration
quickly created as many jobs as possible
protected bank depostis up to 5,000
FDR communicated with the American people through radio talks
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