Chapter 23 - 26 Test

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  1. Election of 1868
    Grant elected because society felt that a good general would make a good president; won over Seymour (214 electoral votes to 80) More black voters supported Grant.
  2. Election of 1872
    Liberal Republicans emerged, elected Horace Greenly as a presidential candidate. Grant ran again for the Republicans and won the election
  3. 15th Amendment (1869)
    gave black men the right to vote, but many laws were put into place particularly in the South to keep blacks from voting
  4. Force Bills (1870-71) and Ku Klux Klan Act
    Force Bills passed in response to cruel acts of the Ku Klux Klan towards blacks and the White League, were loosley enforced and passed too late
  5. Amnesty Act of 1872
    (May 22) removed voting restrictions and office-holding disqualifications against people who fought in the war
  6. Civil Rights Act of 1875
    guaranteed equal accomodations in public places and prohibited racial discrimination in jury selection
  7. First Transcontinental Railroad (May 10, 1869)
    The Union Pacific and the Central Pacific were combined to create the first transcontinetal railroad which increased trade with Asia and opened up the west for expansion
  8. Panic of 1873
    triggered a severe international economic depression in both Europe and prohibited racial discrimination in jury selection
  9. Salary Grab Act
    passed by Congress in 1873, it doubled the salary of the president to $50,000 and the salaries of the Supreme Court Justices, and also a 50% salary increase for members of Congress
  10. Credit Mobilier Scandal
    (1872) the Union Pacific Railroad insiders fromed the Credit Mobilier Construction Company and then hired themselves at inflated proces to build the railroad line
  11. Whiskey Ring
    (1875) involved a diversion of tax revenues in a conspiracy among government agents, politicians, whiskey distillers, and distributors
  12. Sioux Wat of 1876 - 77
    (Black Hills War) involved the Lakota and Northern Cheyenne tribes against the United States because gold had been discovered in the Black Hills (Southwestern South Dakota), a place where the US vowed to respect because of the sacredness but US diregarded that trust
  13. Homesteading
    Homestead Act - 160 acres if land west of the Mississippi, it gave a chance for poor farmers and immigrants to start over, but it was hard considering the bad weather and natural disasters
  14. The Mining Frontier
    The discovery of gold in California in 1848 sparked the need for people to move west; gold discovered in the Black Hills created more conflictions b/w the Native Americans and the US, people faced the possibility of dying young over a gold rush, more attracted to actually "striking gold"
  15. Settlment of California
    After the US acquired California after winning the Mexican War in the Mexican Cession, California was named. In 1849, after the discovery of gold, towns began to develop around the idea of a gold rush.
  16. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877
    began on July 14 in West Virginia and ended about a month and a half later after it was put down by local and state militias and federal troops
  17. The Bland-Allison Act
    (1878) - passed by Congress to proviede for the freer coinage of silver
  18. Stalwarts
    was a sub-party of the Republican party that began toward the end of the 19th century, led by Roscoe Conlking and Thomas C. Platt, they were in favor of Ulysses S. Grant. They were traditional Republicans who opposed Rutherford B. Hayes' civil service reform
  19. Half-Breeds
    sub-party of the Republican party (out against the Stalwarts) in favor of civil service reform and a merit system, led by James G. Blaine from Maine
  20. Mugwumps
    Republican political activists who left the Republican party and supported Democratic candidate Grover Cleveland in the election of 1884.
  21. Munn vs. Illinois
    a supreme court case that dealed with corporate rates and agriculture, argument about how certain states were allowed to regulate certain businesses within their borders, including railroads and is considered a milestone in the growth of federal government regulation
  22. Emergence of the Knights of Labor (1878)
    one of the most important American labor organizations of the 1880s; most important leader was Terrence Powderly; promoted social and cultural uplift of the working man, rejected socialism and radicalism, demanded eight-hour shifts
  23. The Assassination of Garfield
    (1881) - shot by Charles J. Guiteau less than four months into his term and died 11 weeks later; Guiteay was classified as insane and sentenced to execution by hanging; the passade of the Pendleton Service Reform Act in response to his assassination
  24. A Century of Dishonor published (1881)
    a non-fiction book written by Helen Hunt Jackson that depictures the expepriences of Native Americans, focusing on injustices; written in order to try to change government ideas and policies regarding Native Americans
  25. Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
    signed by Chester Arthur, allowed the US to suspend immigration, and Congress implemented the suspension of Chinese Immigration which lasted until 1943
  26. Pendleton Civil Service Act
    said that government jobs should be awarded in the basis of merit (not by political supporters); made it illegal to fire government employees for political reasons; also created the United States Civil Service Commission
  27. Civil Rights Cases (1883)
    was a series of five court cases that lacked the enforcing of the 14th amendment, during these cases the Civil Rights Act of 1875 was said to be uncontistuional
  28. The Election of 1884
    a Democrat president for the first time since the election of 1856; Grover Cleveland became president
  29. Haymarket Square Riot (1886) and the Knights of Labor
    (Chicago, Illinois) - a bomb is thrown at a squad of policemen attempting to break up a labor rally; the police responded with wild gunfire, killing several people in the crowd and injuring dozens more
  30. The American Federation of Labor (AFL) founded (1886)
    one of the first federations of labor unions in the United States, founded in Columbus, Ohio, Samuel Gompers was elected President of the Federation
  31. failure of tariff reform
    President Cleveland failed to stop silver coinage but achiebed at least modest success in the other areas
  32. Wabash Railroad v. Illinois (1886)
    also known as the Wabash case, severely limited the rights if states to control interstate commerce, let to the Interstate Commerce Comission
  33. Interstate Commerce Act (1887)
    designed to regulate the railroad industry, particulary monopolistic practices
  34. Dawes Severalty Act (1887)
    authorized the President of the United States to survey Indian tribal land and divide the land into allotments for individual Indians.
  35. Panic of 1893 and Depression
    a serious economic depression; marked the collapse of railroad overbuilding and shaky railroad financing which set off a series of bank failures
  36. Repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act (1893)
    to prevent the depletion of the Country's gold reserves; J.P. Morgan stepped in (again) to give the US a loan in which he received a comission
  37. Coxey's Army (1894)
    was a protest march by unemployed workers led by the populist Jacob Coxey, marched on Washington D.C. - (Army of the Communical in Christ)
  38. Pullman Strike (1894)
    a nationwide conflict b/w labor unions and railroas; began in Pullman, Illinois at the Pullman Palace Car Company which began a wildcat strike in response to recent reductions in wages
  39. Booker T. Washington'd Atlanta Compromise Speech (1895)
    controversial speech on the place the African American in American life, in it he maintained that it was foolish for blacks to agitate for social equality before they had attained economic equality; he also endores the concept of segregation
  40. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) -
    established the concept of separate but equal saying that states could prohibit the use of public facilities by blacks
  41. The Election of 1888
    Benjamin Harrison ran against the President Cleveland to win the election of 1888
  42. States admitted to the Union during his presidency
    North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington, and Wyoming
  43. Closing of the frontier and the Turner thesis
    Federick Jackson Turner created a thesis (originally called "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" - 1893) the origin of the distinctibe egalitarian, democratic, agressive, and innovative features of the American character has been the American frontier experience
  44. Jane Addams founds Hull House (1889)
    the most successful settlement house to be created; it opened doors to impoverished immigrants and for a while it helpe people in need (located in Chicago, Illinois)
  45. Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890)
    prohibits certain business activities that reduce competition in the marketplace and requires the United States federal government to investigate and pursue trusts, companies and areas suspected of being in violation
  46. Sherman Silver Purchase Act (1890)
    increased the amount of silver to the government was required to purchase every month; passed in response to the growing complaints of farmers and miners interest
  47. Battle of Wounded Knee (1890)
    (also calle the Wounded Knee Massacre) it was located the on the Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota, 150 men, women and children had been killed and 51 wounded
  48. McKinley Tariff Act (1890)
    raised the average duty on imports to almost 50%, an act that was created to protect domestic industries from foreign competition
  49. Populist Party formed
    (1891) - was commonly named the "People's Party", it was based upon poor white cotton famers in the South, and wheat farmers in the plain states, hated elites, banks, railroas, anything that sparked wealth for the greedy
  50. Homestead Strike (1892)
    an industrial lockout which involved a battle b/w strikers and private security agents; one of the most serious disputes in US labor history; b/w the AA workers and the Carnegie Steel Company
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Chapter 23 - 26 Test
2012-01-28 18:27:30

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