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Recognize four reasons why one should study Paul. (Sect. 1)
1.1 The Canon of Scripture: Paul’s letters are inspired by the Holy Spirit (1 Cor. 2:12-13; 1 Thess. 2:13).
1.2 Historical/theological reasons
- 1.3 Paul’s contribution to Western civilization and world civilization(s)
- 1.4 Paul’s impact on church history: the testimony of leaders (Augustine, Luther, John Wesley, Karl Barth)
List (in 1 word each) Paul’s three worlds (other than the Church of Jesus Christ) in which he operated.Specify which world was the most determinative for Paul’s life and thought and explain (in approximately 2paragraphs) three reasons why. For Paul’s other two worlds, describe two features of each world (in 1-2sentences per world). (Sect. 2.1, 2.2 & 2.3)
See your notes since this is an essay :-)
Recognize Saul’s (Paul’s) main beliefs and activities before his conversion. (Sect. 3.1)
- 3.1.1 Strict observance of the law (oral and written) and enforced obedience
- 3.1.2 Zeal for the traditions of his fathers
- 3.1.3 Agenda= purifying Israel, preparing for the coming of the Messiah and the overthrow of powers of evil (including Rome). He lived out and enforced the law and persecuted heretics.
Recognize the three central points of Judaism that Paul embraced. (Sect. 3.1.4)
- Election of the Jews as God's chosen people. That God's gifts and call are irrevocable.
List (in 1 sentence/phrase each) five of the six things Paul learned at the point of his conversion. (Sect.3.2.3)
- 1. Christ is alive; he has been raised from the dead.
- 2. Christ's cross is not his defeat, but his victory over Satan, sin, and judgement.
- 3. Salvation is by grace alone, not of works, lest anyone boast (Eph. 2:8-9)
- 4.The solidarity of the Church with Christ.
- 5. Pauls's call to the Gentiles.
- 6. Salvation includes healing, being filled with the Spirit, baptism, and welcome into the Christian community.
Recognize the “the works of the law” that Jews used as identity markers (Sect. 4.3.1
- 1. Food laws eliminating Jewish table-fellowship with Gentile converts (2:11-16)
- 2. Holy Days (4:10)
- 3. Circumcision (2:3, 5:2-6, 11-12)
Recognize the new Christian identity markers.4.3.2
Faith and the Holy Spirit
TEXTBOOK LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Recognize the two probable reasons why New Testament authors chose to communicate in the letter format. (See Chapter 8, An Introduction to the New Testament byCarson and Moo)
- 1. "The early Christian movement, with its fast growth and peripatetic" (walking/travelling) "missionaries, demanded a means of communication at a distance."
- 2. "It's sense of personal immediacy." The letter was "a means of establishing a personal presence from a distance."