skin may appear tight and shiny, absence of hair, dark redness (dependent rubor) temp change d )
incompeent valves allow reflux of blood from the deeep to superficial veins, vessels dialate and become tortous.
Causes: obesity, family or personal history of atherosclerosis, traua, hypertension, smoking, pregnancy, long periods of bed rest, and standing for long periods.
Symptoms: dilated, twisted appearing, superficial vessels on the legs. Swelling of the foot and ankle, pain, itching along vericose veins. full heavy feeling while walking, tire easily due to decreased venous return, increased pigment, dryness, scaling, exoraiation
Treatment: support hose exercises, elevation, weight reduction, avoid constricting clothing.