word formed from the initial letter of the major parts o a compound term.
condition that has a rapid onset a severe course and a relatively rpaid duration
"toward or in the direction of (Constrasting is ""ab-")"
drawn toward or a strong dependence on a drug or substance
"pain (see also ""-dynia"")"
withdrawing of amniotic fluid for diagnosti or treatment purposes - Podcast 3
film/record produced by angiography
process of producing a radiographic (x-ray) study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make the blood vessels visible
before; in front of
before childbirth; labor
surgical removal of the appendix (Abbreviation: AP) - Book & Podcast 3
inflammation of the appendix (Abbreviation: AP)
artery (Sounds Like Means Different: -athr/o and ather/o)
record or film of an artery or arteries - Podcast 2
process of recording or filming an artery or arteries - Podcast 2
abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries
tissue death of artery or arteries
abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries
abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries - Book & Podcast 2
joint (Sounds Like Means Different: -otomy and -ostomy)
pain in a joint or joints
joint inflammation - Podcast 2
withdrawing fluid from a joint - Podcast 3
the tool or instrument used to visualy examine a joint - Podcast 2
process of visual examination of the internal structure of a joint - Book & Podcast 2
plaque or fatty substance (Sounds Like Means Different: -atheri/o and athr/o)
fatty deposit within the wall of an artery
bronchi of the lungs
heart specialist - Podcast 2
exploding heart - Podcast 2
surgical incision into the heart - Podcast 3
surgical puncture to remove excess fluid or to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes
condition of a long duration; such diseases can be controlled but they are rarely cured
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
persistent overwhelming fatigue of unknown origin (Abbreviation: CFS)
surgical creation of an artifical excretory opening between the colon and the body surface - Book & Podcast 3
creating an artifical connection between the colon and the outside of the body - Podcast 3
surgical incision into the colon
"Word root with a vowel (most commonly ""o"") at the end so suffix beginning with a consonant can be added. Written ""word/vowel"""
Combining Vowel Rules
1. CV IS used when suffix begins with a consonant 2. CV IS NOT used with suffix begins with a vowel 3. CV IS used when 2 or more word roots are joined.
portion of skull enclosing the brain (noun)
blue discoloration of the skin caused by lack of oxygen in the blood
the study of the anatomy physiology pathology and chemistry of the cell
physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin
identification of a disease (Abbreviation: DX Dx DG Dg Diag diag)
frequent flow of loose or watery stools
attempt to determine which one of several diseases can be producing the signs and symptoms that are present; also known as R/O (rule out) (Abbreviation: DDx D/D DD Diaf. Diag.)
dextro-; sinistro-; ab-; ad-;sub-;super-;supra-
a condition in which one or more body parts are not functioning normally.
"pain. This suffix is used less often. (see also ""-algia"")"
"bad difficult painful (Constrasting is ""eu-"")"
an organ or body part the is not working properly
surgical removal (Sounds Like Means Different: -otomy and -ostomy)
swelling caused by excess fluid in the body tissues
"within (Same as ""intra-"")"
pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery
instrument used to visually examine the interior of a body cavity or organ - ANGEL **
above the stomach or pertaining to above the stomach - ANGEL
disease structure operation or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first
mature red blood cell
"good normal well or easy (Constrasting is ""dys-"")"
a normally functioning thyroid
1. groove or crack-like sore of the skin 2. normal folds in the contours of the brain (Sounds like Means Different: Fistula)
abnormal passage usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surfase of the body - may be due to surgery injury or draining of an abscess (Sounds like Means Different: Fissure)
inflammation of the stomach
disease or disorder of the stomach - ANGEL **
any disease/disorder of the stomach
the CARE of aging patients (asopposed to Gerontology which is the study of the PROCESS itelf **
study of the diseases disorders and problems associated with aging - ANGEL **
inflammation of the gingival tissue gums. The earliest stage of periodontal disease
a picture or other record - a thing or product
process of producing a picture or other record -
the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time (Abbreviation: He)
abnormal enlargement of the liver - Book & Podcast 2
How To Decipher a Word
Always start at the end of the word with the suffix and work toward the beginning. Identify the meaning of each part using context.
"excessive or increased (Constrasting is ""hypo-"") "
higher than normal blood pressure
"deficient or decreased (Constrasting is ""hyper-"")"
lower than normal blood pressure
last and longest part of the small intestine (Sounds Like Means Different: Ilium) (Memory aid: ileum = intestine)
part of the hip bone (Sounds Like Means Different: ileum) (Memory aid: ilium = hip)
invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease-producing) organism;p the infection can be: 1. Localized - remain near the point of origin or 2. Systemic - affect the entire body
a localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues. The cardinal signs are: 1. erythema (redness) 2. hyperthermia (warmth) 3. edema (swelling and 4. pain caused by extra blood flowing into the area as a part of the healing process (Abbreviation: inflam Inflamm)
"between or among (Constrasting is ""intra-"")"
between but not within the parts of a tissue
"within or inside (Constrasting is ""inter-"" and same as ""end-"")"
within or into the muscle as an injection (Abbreviation: IM)
inflammation. NOTE: Also commonly used to mean infection.
Humpback; Dowager's Hump; abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side frequently associated with aging (kyph/o = hump)
torn or jagged wound or acciental cut wound (Sounds like Means Different: Lesion)
larynx and throat
Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury (Sounds like Means Different: Laceration)
white blood ecll
surgical incision for the removal of a stone OR an examination or surgical position with the patient lying on the back with the feet and legs raise and supportef by stirrups
"abnormal softening. The opposite of ""-sclerosis."""
any condition of unusual deposits of blsvk pigment in body tissues or organs
describes the specialized mucous membranes that line the body cavities; adjective (Sounds Like Means Different: mucus)
name of the fluid ecreted by the mucous membranes; noun. (Sounds Like Means Different: mucous)
muscle (Sounds Like Means Different: myel/o and myc/o)
fungus (Sounds Like Means Different: myel/o and my/o)
a disease casued by a fungus; any abnormal conndition or disease caused by a fungus **
"surgical removal of a muscle - Podcast 3 NOTE: since wor root ends with a vowel then ""/o"" connecting vowel is NOT used"
1. spinal cord 2. bone marrow (Sounds Like Means Different: myc/o and my/)
any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord **
Softening of a muscle - Podcast 2
any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue **
surgical repair of a muscle
surgical suturing of muscle wound
suturing a muscle - Podcast 3
rupture of a muscle
pertaining to birth
study of disorders of the newborn
removal of a nerve - ANGEL **
inflammation of a nerve or nerves
surgical repair of a nerve - Book & Podcast 3
1. -a 2. -e 3. -um 4. -us 5. -y 6. (-ae)
"specicalist participant in an -ology field (Sounds Like Means Different: ""-ology"")"
"study of; a specialty field in which an -ologist participates (Sounds Like Means Different: "" -ologist"")"
abnormal condition or disease the idea of something not necessarily specified wrong - a more general term often used incorrectly in place of -pathy
Inflammation of a bone or bones - StudyMate Quiz **
death of bone tissue - Podcast 2
bone disease - Podcast 2
(surgical) creation of an artifical opening (Sounds Like Means Different: -otomy and -ectomy)
study of the ears and throat
cutting or surgical incision (Sounds Like Means Different: -ectomy and -ostomy)
study of the ears nose and throat (Often called ENT)
"an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture size consistency nd location of certain body parts (Sounds Like Means Different: ""Palpitation"")"
"pounding or racing heart (Sounds Like Means Different: "" Palpation")"
study of all aspects of diseases (Abbreviation: path PA pa)
surrounding (with respect to time)
around the heart muscle - ANGEL
refers to the time and events surrounding birth. Time just before during and just after birth.