A&P Terminology

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set_ra
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131032
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A&P Terminology
Updated:
2012-01-27 18:02:32
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Anatomy Terminology Latin Greek root words
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Common prefixes, roots, and suffixes.
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  1. a-, an-
    without
  2. ab-
    away from
  3. ad-
    to or toward
  4. alb-
    white
  5. ambi-
    both
  6. ana-
    up, back again, throughout, against
  7. ante- or anter/o
    before, in front of
  8. anti-
    against
  9. bi/bis-
    twice, double
  10. brady-
    slow
  11. circum-
    around
  12. con-
    with
  13. contra-
    without
  14. cyan/o
    blue
  15. di-
    two, twice, double
  16. dors/o
    back
  17. dys-
    hard, difficult, bad
  18. ecto-
    outside
  19. erythr/o
    red
  20. exo-
    outside, outward
  21. en-
    in
  22. endo-
    within
  23. epi-
    on, upon
  24. extra-
    outside, beyond, in addition to
  25. eu-
    well, good, easy
  26. hemi-
    half
  27. heter/o
    other
  28. homo-
    same
  29. hydro-
    water
  30. hyper-
    over, above
  31. hypo-
    below, under
  32. in-
    in, into, on
  33. infra-
    below
  34. inter-
    between
  35. intra-
    within
  36. iso-
    equal
  37. later/o
    side
  38. leuk/o
    white
  39. macro/o
    large
  40. mal-
    bad
  41. medi-
    middle
  42. mega-
    large
  43. melan/o
    black
  44. micro-
    small
  45. mid-
    middle
  46. mono-
    one
  47. multi-
    many
  48. neo-
    new
  49. non-
    not
  50. para-
    along side of, beside
  51. per-
    through, thorught, complete
  52. peri-
    around, near
  53. poly-
    many
  54. poster/o
    after, behind
  55. pre-
    in front of, before
  56. pro-
    before, in front of
  57. pseudo-
    false
  58. quad-
    four
  59. retro-
    backward
  60. semi-
    half
  61. sub-
    under, below
  62. super-, supra-
    above
  63. syn-
    with
  64. tachy-
    fast
  65. trans-
    across
  66. tri-
    three
  67. adeno
    gland
  68. adipo
    fat
  69. andr/o
    male
  70. angi/o
    vessel
  71. arter
    artery
  72. arthr/o
    joint
  73. aud or aur
    hear
  74. axilla
    armpit
  75. brachi
    arm
  76. bronch/o
    lung air passageways
  77. burs/o
    bursa, "bag" (shock absorger between tendons and bones)
  78. cardi/o
    heart
  79. caud/o
    tail
  80. carp/o
    wrtie
  81. cephal/o
    head
  82. cerebr/o
    brain
  83. cervic
    neck
  84. chondr/o
    cartilage
  85. clavi or cleido
    clavicle
  86. colon/o
    large intestine
  87. cost/o
    rib
  88. cox/a
    hip
  89. cubit
    elbow
  90. cyst/o
    bladder, sac
  91. cyt/o
    cell
  92. dent/o
    teeth
  93. dermo/o
    skin
  94. encephal/o
    brain
  95. entero
    intestine
  96. gastr/o
    stomach
  97. genesis
    origin
  98. gingivo
    gums
  99. glosso/linguo
    tongue
  100. glute
    buttocks
  101. gram
    record
  102. graph
    recording, writing
  103. gynec/o
    female
  104. hem/o
    blood
  105. hepat/o
    liver
  106. histo
    tissue
  107. hyster/o, metr/o
    uterus
  108. lapar/o
    abdominal wall
  109. laryng/o
    larynx, "voice box"
  110. lumb/o
    lower back
  111. mamm/o, mast/o
    breast
  112. men/o
    menstruation
  113. mening/o
    membranes around the brain and spinal cord
  114. my/o, myos/o
    muscle
  115. nas/o
    nose
  116. nephr/o, ren/o
    kidney
  117. neur/o
    nerve
  118. ocul/o
    eye
  119. oophor/o
    ovary
  120. op, opth
    eye
  121. orchid/o, test/o
    testes (male gonad)
  122. oste/o
    bone
  123. oto
    ear
  124. patho
    disease
  125. pecto
    chest
  126. pes, ped, pod
    foot
  127. phlebo or ven/o
    veins
  128. plantar
    sole of foot
  129. pneumo/pulmo
    lung
  130. procto
    anus/rectum
  131. rhin/o
    nose
  132. salping/o, salpinx
    uterine tube
  133. scope
    examine closely
  134. stasis
    stay the same
  135. stomato
    mouth
  136. talo
    ankle
  137. tom
    cut
  138. trache/o
    trachea, "windpipe"
  139. ur/o, -uria
    urine
  140. -ac, -al
    relating to
  141. -algia, -algesia
    pain
  142. -ase
    enzyme
  143. -ate
    do
  144. -cide
    kill
  145. -cise
    cut
  146. -cyte
    cell
  147. -ectomy
    removal of, cut out
  148. -emia
    condition of the blood
  149. -form
    shaped like
  150. -genic
    produced by
  151. -gram
    a recorded image
  152. -graph/y
    recording an image
  153. -ia, -ic
    relating to
  154. -ile, -illa, -illus
    little version
  155. -in
    substance
  156. -ism
    theory, characteristic of
  157. -itis
    inflammation
  158. -ity
    quality
  159. -ium
    thing
  160. -ize
    do
  161. -logy
    study of, reasoning about
  162. -lysis
    destruction, rupture
  163. -megaly
    large or enlarged
  164. -oid
    resembling, image of
  165. -ogen
    precursor
  166. -ologist
    one who studies/specialies in
  167. -ology
    the study of
  168. -oma
    tumor (usually)
  169. -osis
    full of
  170. -ostomy
    "mouth-cut"
  171. -otomoy
    to cut into
  172. -pathy
    disease of, suffering
  173. -penia
    lack
  174. -plasty
    surgical re-shaping
  175. -plegia
    paralysis
  176. -philia
    affection for
  177. -pnea
    breathing
  178. -porosis
    porous
  179. -rrhage
    excessive, abnormal flow
  180. -rrhea
    discharge or flow
  181. -scopy, -scopic
    to look, observe
  182. -sis
    idea (make a noun, typically abstract)
  183. -stasis
    to stop
  184. -stenosis
    abnormal narrowing
  185. -tomy
    cut
  186. -ule
    little version
  187. -um
    thing (makes a noun)

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