Biology scientists evolution

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  1. Thales (600 B.C.)
    Proposed origin of life from gradual change.
  2. Aristotle
    • All living things could be placed on a scale at of nature
    • The scale was a ladder of complexity and life did not change
  3. Carolus linnaeus
    • Sweedish botanist that tried to classify all of life
    • Thought hhis system would show the diversity of "God's word"
  4. George Cuvier
    • Father of Palentology
    • The deeper he found fossils the more dissimilar they were to life today.
    • cuvier believed that each strate was represendet by a catastrophe (catastrophism)
  5. James Hutton
    Geologist who believed that the earth was shaped gradually
  6. Charles Lyell
    Also a geologist who adds that the geological process have not changed over time (uniformitaranism)
  7. Jean Baptiste Lamark (1744-1829)
    • the more an animal used a structure, the more it improved; unused structures waste away
    • Ideahs were disproved because individuals cannot evolve
  8. Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
    • Started studying medicine but quit to study theology
    • Spent time on the HMS Beagle traveling and documenting many species
    • PUBLISHED: ON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES BY MEANS OF NATURAL SELECTION in 1859
    • Book does not talk about human evolution
  9. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913)
    • similar conclusions as Darwin
    • Convinced Darwin to Publish book

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flashcardsss
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131071
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Biology scientists evolution
Updated:
2012-01-28 01:58:06
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