26 element info

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
131104
Filename:
26 element info
Updated:
2012-01-28 00:49:43
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Description:
26 elements NEED TO KNOW
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  1. give the symbol, %, and the function of OXYGEN
    • O
    • 65%
    • part of water and many organic (carbon containing) molecules
  2. give the symbol, %, and the function of CARBON
    • C
    • 18.5%
    • forms backbone chains and rings of all organic molecules: carbs, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
  3. give the symbol, %, and the function of HYDROGEN
    • H
    • 9.5%
    • constituent of water and most organic molecules; ionized form (H+) makes body fluids more acidic
  4. give the symbol, %, and the function of NITROGEN
    • N
    • 3.2%
    • component of all proteins and nucleic acids- blood urea
  5. give the symbol and the function of CALCIUM
    • Ca
    • contributes to hardness of teeth and bones; ionized form (Ca++) needed for blood clotting, release of some hormones, and contraction of muscle
  6. give the symbol and the function of PHOSPHORUS
    • P
    • component of nucleic acids an ATP (molecule used to store chemical energy), required for normal bone and tooth structure
  7. give the symbol and the function of POTASSIUM
    • K
    • ionized form (K+) is the most plentiful cation (positively charged particle) inside cells; needed for nerve activity
  8. give the symbol and the function of SULFUR
    • S
    • component fo some vitamins and many proteins
  9. give the symbol and the function of SODIUM
    • Na
    • ionized form (Na+) is the most plentiful cation in extracellular fluid; essential for maintaining water balance, needed for nerve activity
  10. give the symbol and the function of CHLORINE
    • Cl
    • ionized form (Cl-) i the most plentiful anion (negatively charged particle) in extracellular fluid; essential for maintaining water balance
  11. give the symbol and the function of MAGNESIUM
    • Mg
    • ionized form (Mg++) needed for many enzymes (molecules that increase the rate of chemical reactions in organisms
  12. give the symbol and the function of IRON
    • Fe
    • ionized forms (Fe++Fe+++) are part of hemoglobin (oxygen carrying protein in red blood cells) and some enzymes
  13. give the symbol for the trace element ALUMINUM
    Al
  14. give the symbol for the trace element BORON
    B
  15. give the symbol for the trace element CHROMIUM
    Cr
  16. give the symbol for the trace element COBALT
    Co
  17. give the symbol for the trace element COPPER
    Cu
  18. give the symbol for the trace element FLUORINE
    F
  19. give the symbol for the trace element IODINE
    I
  20. give the symbol for the trace element MANGANESE
    Mn
  21. give the symbol for the trace element ZINC
    Zn
  22. give the symbol for the trace element TIN
    Sn
  23. give the symbol for the trace element MOLYBDENUM
    Mo
  24. give the symbol for the trace element SELENIUM
    Se
  25. give the symbol for the trace element SILICON
    Si
  26. give the symbol for the trace element VANADIUM
    V

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