OB-GYN Test 1

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OB-GYN Test 1
2012-01-28 19:54:52
Female Anatomy

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  1. Which sex determines gender?
  2. Gender
    XX =
    • XX = Female
    • XY= Male
  3. an absence of menstruation
  4. refers to the position of the uterus when the uterine fundus bends forward toward the cervix
  5. refers to the position of the uterus when the uterus is tipped slightly foward so that the cervix forms a 90-degree angle or less with the vaginal canal; most common uterine position
  6. a broad fold of peritoneum draped over the fall. tubes, ut., and the ov.; extends from the sides of the ut., to the sidewalls of the pelvis , dividing the pelvis from side to side and creating the vesicouterine pouch ant. to the ut. and the rectouterine ouch post.; it is divided into the mesometrium, mesosalpinx, and mesvarium
    broad ligament
  7. wide bands of fibromus. tiss. arising from the lat. aspects of the cerv. and inserting along the lat. pelv. floor; a continuation of the broad liga. that provides rigid support for the cervix; aka trans. cervical liga.
    cardinal ligament
  8. one of 2 muscles in the pelv. diaph.; located on the post. pelv. floor where it supports the coccyx
    coccygeus muscles
  9. an anatomic struct. on the surf. of the ov., consisting of a spheroid of yel. tissue that grows w/in the rupt. ov. follic. after ovulat.; acts as a short-lived endo. organ that secretes progesterone to maint. the decidual layer of the endometrium should concept. occur
    corpus luteum
  10. pain ass. with menst.
  11. a steroidal horm. secreted by the theca interna and granulosa cells of the ov. follicle that stimulates the dev. of the fem. repro. struct. and sec. sex. char.; prom. the growth of the endomet. tis. dur. the proliferative phase of the menstrual cyc.
  12. port. of the pelv. found above the brim; that portion of th abd. cav. cradled by the iliac fossae; also called the greateer or major pelv.
    false pelvis
  13. horm. secreted by the ant. pit. gland that stimulates the growth and maturation of graafian follicles in the ov.
    follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  14. a horm. substance that stimulate the function of the testes and the ovaries ; in the female, FSH and LH are gonadotropins
  15. a hormone secreted by the hypothalamus that stimulates the release of the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) by the anterior pituitary gland
    gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
  16. paired triangular, flat muslces that cover the inner curved surface of the iliac fossae; arise from the iliac fossae and join the psoas muscles to form the lateral walls of the pelvis
    iliacus muscle
  17. a bony ridge on the inner surface of the ilium and pubic bones that divides the true and false pelves; aka pelvic brim or linea terminalis
    iliopectineal line
  18. one of two muscles of the pelvic diaphragm that stretch across the floor of the pelvic cavity like a hammock, supporting the pelvic organs and surrounding the urethra, vagina, and rectum; a broad thin muscle that consists of the pubococcygeus, iliococcygeus, and puborectalis
    levator ani
  19. a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates ovulation and then induces luteinization of the ruptured follicle to form the corpus luteum
    luteinizing hormone (LH)
  20. refers to the onset of menstruation and the comencement of cyclic menstrual function; usually occurs between 11 and 13 years of age
  21. refers to the cessation of menstruation
  22. abnormally heavy or long periods
  23. the periodic flow of blood and cellular debris that occurs during menstruation
  24. the portion of the broad ligament below the mesvarium, composed of the layers of peritoneum that separate to enclose the uterus
  25. the upper portion of the broad ligament that encloses the fallopian tubes
  26. the posterior portion of the borad ligament that is drawn out to enclose and hold the ovary in place
  27. a triangular sheet of muslce that arises from the anterolateral pelvic wall and surraounds the obturator foramen; passes through the lesser sciatic foramen and inserts into the medial aspect of the greater trochanter of the femur; serves to rotate and abduct the thigh
    obturator internus muscle
  28. abnormally light menstrual period
  29. an incompletely developed or immature ovum
  30. a paired ligament that extends form the inferior/medial pole of the ovary to the uterine cornua; aka utero-ovarian ligament
    ovarian ligament
  31. the female egg; a secondary oocyte released form the ovary at ovulation
  32. a serous membrane enveloping the uterus; aka serosa
  33. a flat, pyramidal muscle arising from the anterior sacrum, passing through the greater sciatic notch to insert into the superior aspect of the greater trochanter of the femur; serves to rotate and abduct the thigh
    piriformis muscle
  34. an abnormally frequent recurrence of the menstrual cycle; a menstrual cycle of less than 21 days
  35. time period of life aftermenopause
  36. time period in young girls before the onset of menstruation
  37. a steroidal hormone produced by the corpus luteum that helps prepare and maintain the endometrium for the arrival and implantation of an embryo
  38. paired muscles that originate at the transverse process of the lumbar vertebraeand extend inferiorly through the false pelvis on the pelvic sidewall, when it unites with the iliacus muscle to form the iliopsoas muscle before inserting into the lesser trochanter of the femur; serves to flex the thigh towards the pelvis
    psoas major muscle
  39. area in the pelvic cavity between the rectum and the uterus that is liekly to accumulate free fluid; aka posteriod cul-de-sac adn pouch of douglas
    rectouterine recess (pouch)
  40. refers to the position of the uterus when the uterine fundus bends posteriodly upon the cervix
  41. refers to the position of the uterus when the entire uterus is tipped posterioly so that the angle formed between the cervix and vagina canal is greater than 90 degrees
  42. paired ligaments that originateat the uterine cornua, anterior to the fallopian tubes, and course anterolaterally within the broad ligament to insert into the fascia of the labia majora; hold the uterus forward in its anteverted position
    round ligaments
  43. located between the anterior bladder wall and the pubic symphysis; contains extraperitoneal fat
    space of Retzius
  44. parallel longitudinal lines commonly seen in muscle tissue when imaged sonographically; appear as hyperechoic parallel lines running in the long axis of the hypoechoic muscle tissue
  45. paired ligaments that extend form the infundibulum of the fallopian tube and the lateral aspect of the ovary to the lateral pelvic wall; aka infundibulopelvic ligament
    suspensory (infundibulopelvic) ligament
  46. pelvic cavity found below th brim of the pelvis ; aka minor or lesser pelvis
    true pelvis
  47. posterior portion of the cardinal ligament that extends form the cervix to the sacrum
    uterosacral ligaments
  48. area in the pelvic cavity between the urinary bladder and the uterus; aka anterior cul-de-sac
    vesicouterine recess (pouch)
  49. bones that comprise the boney pelvis
    • 2 innominate bones
    • sacrum
    • coccyx
  50. What do the Wolffian ducts and mullerian ducts do in males?
    • Wolffian grow
    • mullerian are inhibited
  51. What do the Wolffian ducts and mullerian ducts do in females?
    • Wolffian ducts regress
    • Mullerian develop into female organs
  52. The innominate bones are formed by the fusion of what three things
    ilium ischium and pubis
  53. True pelvis divided into
    pelvic inlet and pelvic outlet
  54. functions of the pelvic skeleton
    • weight-bearing bridge b/t spine and lower limbs
    • directs fetal head
    • protects reproductive organs
  55. muscles in the false pelvis
    • psoas
    • iliopsoas
    • rectus abdominis
    • transverse abdominis
  56. muscles in the true pelvis
    • obturator internus
    • piriformis
    • levator ani
    • coccygeus