Patient care management
Card Set Information
Patient care management
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
A model developed by Maslow that expresses human development & progression using developmental stages that prioritize needs.
the person receiving medical treatment.
Any need or activity related to genetics, physiology, or anatomy.
A mental requirement or necessity for fulfillment as a person.
A need to fit into society and to be accepted by one's peers.
Aneed for a connection with a higher order.
What are the components that make up an individual?
1. physical needs
2. psychological needs
3. social needs
4. spiritual needs
common types of coping mechanisms (4)
1. denial- the patient does not want to accept the truth of what is occurring.
2. rationalization- patient attempts to rationalize illness or disease.
3. regression- patient regresses to an earlier stage in life.
4. repression- patient repressesthoughts and feelings about illness or disease.
What are the three accepted definitions of death?
1. Cardiac death-the loss of cardiac and respiratory function.
2. higher brain death- the loss of higher brain function, but the lower brain stem continues to provide respiration, B.P., and heartbeat without the assistance of a respirator.
3. whole brain death- the loss of all functions of the entire brain.
what are the five stages of grief?
general categories of causes of death
accidental- can be caused by nature, motor vehicles, or homicides.
terminal-patient suffers from a disease that is incurable.
prolonged(chronic)-lasts longer than 4-6 weeks.
sudden- occurs without warning.
Which procedures are intended to provide the patient with symptom relief but do not cure the disease?
Which procedures are used to treat or manage a disease?
from the Greek- "good death"
American-"easy death"or "painless inducement of quick death".
"easy death" has two categories, they are?
the physician does nothing to preserve life.
requires actions that speed the process of dying
Active euthanasia also breaks down into two more categories, they are:
:the patient initiates facilitation of his death.
:the patients autonomoius nrights are violated.
The Patient Bill of Rights does what for the patient?
Allows the patients the right to refuse treatment.
Legal documents used to speak for the patient in the event that they cannot make decisions for themselves.
a power of attorney
The developmental stages according to Maslow are:
1. physiological needs- basic needs such as water, oxygen, food.
2. safety needs- these refer to the perception on the part of the individual that his/her environment is safe.
3. love & belonging needs- to be known and cared for as an individual and to care for another.
4. esteem needs- refers to a positive evaluation of oneself and others.
5. self-actualization- the need to fulfill what one believes is one's purpose.