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A private computer network that uses internet technology and is accessible only to organizational member.
Any equipment, tools, or operating methods that are designed to make work more efficient.
Refers to the concept of a boundaryless world where goods and services are produced and marketed worldwide
Any type of International company that maintains operations in multiple countries
An MNC that decentralizes management and other decisions to the local country where it's doing business.
An MNC that centralizes management and other decisions in the home country
Transnational (borderless) organization
A structural arrangement for global organizations that eliminates artificial geographical barriers.
Purchasing materials or labor from around the world wherever it is cheapest
Making products domestically and selling them abroad
Acquiring products made abroad and selling them domestically
An agreement primarilly used by manufacturing businesses in which an organization gives another the right, for a fee, to make or sell its products, using its technology or product specifications.
An agreement primarily used by service businesses in which an organization gives another organization the right, for a fee, to use its name and operating methods.
Global strategic alliance
A partnership between an organization and a foreign company partner in which resources and knowledge are shared in developing new products or building production facilities.
A specific type of strategic alliance in which the partners agree to form a separate, independent organization for some business purpose.
A direct investment in a foreign country that involves setting up a separete and independent facility or office
A narrow focus in which managers see things only thorough their own eyes and from their own perspective.
Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE)
A program that studies cross-cultural leadership behaviors
9 dimensions on which national cultures differ
- -Future orientation
- -Gender differentiation
- -Uncertainty avoidance
- -Power distance
- -In-group collectivism
- -Performance orientation
- -Humane orientation
When managers recognize and consider the impact of their organization and its practices on the natural enviroment
A business firm's intention, beyond its legal and economic obligations, to do the right things and act in way that are good for society.
When a business firm engages in social actions because of its obligation to meet certain economic and legal responsibilities
A set of rules or principles that defines right and wrong conduct
Code of ethics
A format document that states an organization's primary values and the ethical rules it expects managers and nonmanagerial employees to follow.
Ways in which people in a workforce are similar and different from one another in terms of gender, age, race, sexual orientation, ethnicity, cultural background, and physical abilities and disabilities.
A population group that includes individuals born from about 1978 to 1994.
Benefits that provide a wide range of scheduling options that allow employees more flexibility at work, accommodating their needs for work/life balance.
Part-time, temporary, and contract workers who are available for hire on an as-needed basis.
When Employees have decision-making discretion
Managerial actions that are needed
And organization's committment to continually improving the quality of a product or service
The japanese term for an organization's commitment to continuous improvement.
Work process engimeering
Radical or quantum change in an organization