MSII 1 Chpt 13

Card Set Information

MSII 1 Chpt 13
2012-01-28 16:31:33
MSII Chpt 13

MSII 1 Chpt 13
Show Answers:

  1. If neutrophils are high...
    Bacterial infection
  2. If neutrophils are low...
    Patient is immunocompromised (cancer patients, etc.)
  3. Macrophage means
    Big eater
  4. Basophils do what?
    Secrete histamine and heparin
  5. Mast cells...
    Are stuck on blood vessel in connective tissue near capillary
  6. Normal WBC count...
  7. Normal neutrophil count...
  8. Which lines of defense are you born with?
    Skin and mucous membranes, and phagocytosis/inflammation
  9. Which line of defense is acquired?
  10. Skin and mucous membrranes do what?
    Protective covering; secrete substance that inhibit the growth of bacteria
  11. Acidic secretions from skin and mucous of GI?GU systems...
    Inhibit growth of many pathogenic organisms
  12. White blood cells are colorless cells that are able to...
    Phagocytose (ingest) bacteria that can cause infection when they enter the body
  13. Eosinophils...
    Increase in parasitic infections or allergies
  14. Basophils...
    Increase in chicken pox, sinusitis, diabetes
  15. Types of granulocyte
    • BEN likes his GRANdmother
    • Basophils, eosinophils, neutrophils
  16. Agranulocytes...
    Lymphocytes and monocytes
  17. Lymphocytes increase...
    In diverse infections and immune responses
  18. Monocytes
    Increase in viral infections and inflammation
  19. Inflammatory process
    Series of cellular changes that signal the body's response to injury or infection
  20. Four manifestations of inflammation
    • Rubor (redness)
    • Calor (heat)
    • Tumor (swelling)
    • Dolor (pain)
  21. Vasoactive chemicals are ??? and cause ???
    Histamine, kinins, and leokotrienes

    Cause vasodilatation and increase capillary permeability
  22. In relation to size, Bacteria are ??? and Viruses are ???
    • Bacertia-Big
    • Virrus-Small
  23. Fungi are transferred by
    Spores and air currents
  24. Rickettsiae
    • Spread by ticks
    • Rocky mtn fever
  25. 6 steps of chain of infection
    • Causative agent (microorganism)
    • Reservoir (where CA lives)
    • Portal of exit
    • Mode of transfer
    • Portal of entry
    • Susceptible host
  26. Iatrogenic infections
    Infections caused by the treatment given to the person (antibiotic therapy for one infection can cause overgrowth of another microorganism that can cause disease-this is called superinfection)
  27. Superinfection is caused by
    Broad spectrum antibiotics
  28. Medical vs. surgical asepsis
    • Medical-limit spread of microorganisms
    • Surgical-eliminate microorganisms