Art History Roman

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Art History Roman
2012-02-28 21:15:26
Art History

Art History Set 2
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    • Maison Carree
    • Nimes
    • 19 BCE
    • Pantheon
    • Rome
    • 125-28 CE
  1. Section through Portico and Rotunda The section through the Pantheon shows in the darkened areas the thickness of the walls that support the dome. The dome itself gradually diminishes in thickness as it rises, as do the size and scale of the coffers, creating the perspective illusion of a much taller dome. The dome was constructed using a variety of materials, including concrete, volcanic tufa stone (a light weight material with great compressive strength), and brick arches. The base of the dome, where it want to spring outward, is buttressed by a series of stepped rings. The center of the domes is left open with an oculus, the only source of light within.
    • Pantheon
    • 18th Century painting of the interior
    • Basilica Nova of Maxentius
    • Rome
    • 313 CE
    • Arch, Barrel Vault and Groin Vault
    • The arcuated system (left diagram) defines a method of engineering use the principle of the arch. The masonry arch itself is composed of a series of blocks called voussoirs held together in the center by a keystone. The point from which the arch begins to leap up and over is called the springing of the arch. An extended arch (middle diagram) is called a barrel vault. Tunnel like structures can be created using this version of the arch, though typically the vault has to be supported all along its length, providing no opportunity to admit windows. These tend to be heavy, massive structures. A more efficient method of arcuated vaulting is the groin vault, basically two intersecting barrel vaults (right diagram). This vault uses approximately two-thirds less material than the barrel vault and comes down into pinpoints of support requiring no support in between the groins and thus permitting the addition of windows. Roman architecture evolved an increasingly sophisticated form of engineering.
    • Interior, Basilica Nova of Maxentius
    • Rome
    • 313 CE
    • Tomb of the Pancrazi, Rome
    • 2nd Century ACE
    • Roman Stucco Decoration
    • Domus Aurea (Golden House of Nero)
    • Rome
    • 64 CE
    • Domus Aurea (Golden House of Nero)
    • Rome
    • 64 CE
    • Atrium from the House of the Silver Wedding, Pompeii
    • Early 1st Century CE
    • Plan of the House of the Faun
    • Pompeii
    • 1st Century BCE
    • Marble floor and wall revetments
    • House of Cupid and Psyche
    • Ostia
    • 2nd Century CE
    • Villa at Boscoreale
    • Mid 1st Century BCE