CTT 19-25; 91-96

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  1. Bible
    Meaning "the books." Christianity's sacred and inspired literature
  2. Canon
    • - The collection of authoritative writings of a particular religious group
    • - The "rule" or norm of religious truth in the Christian tradition
    • - Church law as defined by councils or other church authorities
  3. Testament
    A synonym for covenant, this term is applied by Christians to the two major collections of books of the Bible
  4. Tanakh
    An acronym for Torah ("Law"), Nevi'm (Prophets), and Khetuvim (Writings); a term used to refer to Jewish scriptures
  5. Torah
    • - The hebrew scriptures as a whole
    • - The first five books of the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament, also known as the Pentateuch or the Law
    • - The Jewish Law, or systems of laws, believed to have been revealed by God or Moses and set down in writing in the first five books of the Old Testament
  6. Pentateuch
    The first five books of the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament, also known as the Torah or the Law
  7. Documentary Hypothesis
    The theory that the Pentateuch was produces by combining four strands of tradition (the Yahwist, the Elohist, the Deuteronomist, and the Priestly traditions) over a long period of time (ninth to fifth centuries BCE)
  8. Yahwist Tradition
    According to the Documentary Hypothesis, the earliest of the four sources that make up the Pentateuch; it dates to the ninth century BCE
  9. Elohist Tradition
    According to the Documentary Hypothesis, the second earliest of the four sources that make up the Pentateuchl it dates to the eight century BCE
  10. Deuteronimist Tradition
    According to the Documentary Hypothesis, the third of four sources that make up the Pentateuch; it dates to the seventh and sisth centuries BCE
  11. Priestly Tradition
    (Priestly writer) according to the Documentary Hypothesis, the latest of the four sources that were combined to form the Pentateuch, writen around the fifth century BCE or later
  12. Former Prophets
    Also known as Deuteronomistic History; the biblical books of Joshua, Judges, 1-2 Samuel, and 1-2 Kings, which tell the stories of legendary early prophets like Samuel, Nathan, Elijah, and Elisha
  13. Latter Prophets
    Compromising of the Major prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel) and the Minor Prophets (Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuh, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi) , also called the Book of the Twelve.
  14. Hebrews
    Referring to the ethnic group to which Abraham belonged, the term is sometimes used interchangeably with the terms Israelites and Jews.
  15. Israelites
    One of the people who claimed Jacob, also known as Israel, as their ancestor. The term is sometimes used interhcangeably with the terms Hebrew and Jews
  16. Jews
    The term originates with the return of the people of Judah from the Babylonian Exile in the latter part of the sixth century BCE. It is sometimes interchangeably used with term Israelites.
  17. YHWH
    (YHWH) the name for God that is most commonly used in the Hebrew Bible/Old testament.
  18. Apocrypha
    Name given to the seven books that are included in the Old Testament by the Catholics and Orthodox Christians but excluded from the scriptures by Protestants and Jews. The term is also used more broadly to refer to certain Jewish and Christians religious text during the same time as the biblical books and considered inspired by some, but not included in the Bible itself
  19. Deuterocanonical
    Meaning "second canon," the term refers to certain Old Testament books and parts of books whose canonical status has been disputed over time. Christians who do not accept them as canonical call them apocryphal
  20. Septuagint
    A Greek version of the Hebrew scriptures, created in the centuries before Christ by Greek-speaking Jews, but differing from the Hebrew Bible in order of the Books and in its inclusion of the apocrypha or deuterocanonical books; appropriated by Greek-speaking Christian Jews, it became the dominant version of the Christian Bible for hundreds of years, and remains so for Orthodox Christians
Card Set
CTT 19-25; 91-96
Vocabulary of Christian Theological Tradition in indicated pages.
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