Anatomy & Physiology of Cells and Tissue*

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surah46
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131450
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Anatomy & Physiology of Cells and Tissue*
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2012-01-29 18:47:49
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  1. Describe the anatomical position
    • Body is erect
    • upper extremities at sides
    • palms facing anterior
    • lower extremities together
  2. Anterior is to posterior as medial is to
    Lateral
  3. the region of the lower limb immediately distal to the thigh is the

    A. clunes
    B. brachial
    C. crus
    D. pes
    C. crus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. which region of the trunk is found immediately inferior to the neck

    A. abdomen
    B. head
    C. thorax
    D. pelis
    C. thorax
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. A ______ plane divides the body into unequal left and right parts

    a. parasagittal
    b. coronal
    c, horizontal
    d. median
    a. parasagittal
  6. the 3 subregions of the foot are

    A. carpus, metacarpus, digits
    B. thugh, crus, pes
    C. pes, manus, digits
    D. tarsus, metatarus, digits
    D. tarsus, metatarus, digits
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. in the anatomical position the thumb is _____ to the pinky

    A. inferioir
    B. lateral
    C. anterior
    D. medial
    B. Lateral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Tissues are combinations of

    A. chemicals
    B. cells
    C. tissues
    D. organs
    B. Cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. __________ are microscopic building blocks with a positively charged core, a mucleus and are surrounded by negatively charged electron clouds.

    A. proteins
    B. atoms
    C. molecules
    D. cells
    B. Atoms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The most abundant biological molecules in the body -

    A. atoms
    B. lipids
    C. carbohydrates
    D. proteins
    D. proteins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. water, oxygen and carbon dioxide are all examples of ______ molecules.

    A. lipids
    B. inorganic
    C. organic
    D. poteins
    B. inorganic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. ____ are fatty, oily, greasy compounds found in the body.

    A. carbohydrates
    B. proteins
    C. lipids
    D. sugars
    C. Lipids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The _____ acts as a selective gatekeeper facilitating the movement of substances into and/or out of the cell.

    A. nucleus
    B. cell membrane
    C. mitochondria
    D. endoplasmic reticulum
    B. cell membrane
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. the genetic bluepoints that direct cell replication are located in the

    A. microtubules
    B. golgi complex
    C. lyosome
    D. nucleus
    D. nucleus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. mitochondria are responsible for

    A. identification of self from non-self
    B. production of chemical energy
    C. diffusion
    D. detoxification
    B. production of chemical energy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which cellular structures are small, hair-like projections that move material across the surface of the cell?

    A. cilia
    B. mitochondria
    C. flagella
    D. vesicles
    A. Cilia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The passive movement of water molecules from an area of high concentraion to low concentraion

    A. vesicular transport
    B. osmosis
    C. active transport
    D. carrier mediated transport
    B. osmosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. glycolysis creates ____ molecules of ATP for every 1 molecule of glucose

    A. 21
    B. 2
    C. 18
    D. 36
    B. 2
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. list the 4 basic tissues of the human body
    • epithelial
    • connective
    • nervous
    • muscle
  20. epithelial tissues are classified based on

    A. the amount of space between the cells
    B. cell shape & number of cell layers
    C. type of fibers present & number of cell layers
    D. cell shape & type of fibers
    B. cell shape & number of cell layers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. simple squamous epithelium consists of

    A. a single layer of tall cells
    B. many layers of tall cells
    C. many layers of flat skin
    D. a single layer of flat cells
    D. a single layer of flat cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. which type of epithelial tissue is best suited for diffusion?

    A. stratified cuboidal epitherlium
    B. simple cuboidal epithlium
    C. stratified columnar epitherlium
    D. simple squamous epithelium
    D. simple squamos epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. connective and supporting tissues

    A. are specialized for the conduction of electircal signals
    B. have few cells and lots of extracellular matrix
    C. are highly specialized to shorten or contract
    D. are the covering and linings of the body
    B. have few cells and lots of extracellular matrix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. the two basic elements/building blocks of connective and supporting tissues are cells and

    A. fibers
    B. ground substance
    C. extracellular matrix
    D. collagen
    C. extracellular matrix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. which cell produces the fibers found in the extracellular matrix of connective tissue?

    A. fibrocyte/fibroblast
    B. mast cell
    C. adipose cell
    D. macrophage
    A. fibrocyte/fibroblast
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. which element of the extracellular matrix is responsible for tensile strength in connective tissue?

    A. ground substance
    B. proteoglycans
    C. collagen fibers
    D. elastic fibers
    C. collagen fibers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. which type of general connective tissue is strong enough in all directions?

    A. loose connective tissue
    B. reticular tissue
    C. dense regular connective tissues
    D. dense irregular connective tissue
    D. dense irregular connective tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. From deep to superficial list the layers of skin

    A. hypodermis, dermis, epidermis
    B. dermis, hypodermis, epidermis
    C. dermis, epidermis, hypodermis
    D. epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
    A. hypodermis, dermis, epidermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. the epidermis and dermis combine to form the

    A. cutis
    B. integument
    C. tela subcutanea
    D. hypodermis
    A. cutis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. the stratum corneum is responsible for

    A. production of keratinocytes
    B. protection
    C. temperature regulation
    D. production of sebum
    B. protection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. the dermis is made of

    A. dense irregular connective tissue
    B. adipose tissue
    C. stratified squamous epithelium
    D. keratinocytes
    A. dense irregular connective tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. which is not a function of the dermal papilla

    A. improves sensation
    B. production of watery sweat
    C. anchors the epidermis to the dermis
    D. increases surface area for exchange
    B. production of watery sweat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. which layer of integument contains reticular fibers (collagen bundles) that are responsible for cleavage lines?

    A. epidermis
    B. hypodermis
    C. dermis
    D. tela subcuanea
    C. dermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. if the integument is cut and starts to bleed then the cut is at least as deep as the

    A. dermis
    B. epidermis
    C. hypodermis
    D. fascia
    A. dermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. padding and insulation are functions of which layer of the integument?

    A. tela subcutanea/hypodermis
    B. dermis
    C. dascia
    D. epidermis
    A. tela subcutanea/ hypodermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. the hair follicle is an invagination of which layer of the integument?

    A. epidermis
    B. stratified squamous epithelium
    C. dense irregular connective tissue
    D. dermis
    A. epidermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. the arrector pilli muscles perform what?

    A. secrete sweat
    B. stimulate growth of fingernails
    C. raise/starighten the hair follicle
    D. detect pressure
    C. raise/starighten the hair follicle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. which gland of the integuement produces an oily secretion used to lubricate, moisturize, and aterproof the skin?

    A. sebaceous gland
    B. eccrine gland
    C. aprocrine gland
    D. apoeccocrine gland
    A. sebaceous gland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. which cell of the epidrmis produces a protective pigment?

    A. langerhan's cell
    B. melanocyte
    C. kerainocuyte
    D. fibroblast
    B. melanocyte
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. which is not a type of cartilage?

    A. fibrocartilage
    B. spongy cartilage
    C. elastic cartilage
    D. hyaline cartilage
    B. spongy cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. which type of cartilage is smooth like glass?

    A. hyaline cartilage
    B. spongy cartilage
    C. elastic cartilage
    D. fibrocartilage
    A. hyaline cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. why does cartilage have a difficult time healing?

    A. it is highly vascular (many blood vessels)
    B. it is avascular (no blood vessels)
    C. it is acellular (no cells)
    D. it is highly cellular (many cells)
    B. it is avascular (no blood vessels)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. why is cartilage considered a connective tissue?

    A. it contains oxygen
    B. it has few cells & lots of extracellular matrix
    C. it is found in tendons and ligaments
    D. it has many blood vessels
    B. it has few cells & lots of extracellular matrix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. what is responsible for the tensile strength of bone?

    A. collagen
    B. hydroxyapatite
    C. osteoblasts
    D. osteoclasts
    A. collagen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. the osteoblasts are responsible for

    A. laying down new bone
    B. monitoring/maintaining bone
    C. breaking down bone
    D. rleasing clacium into the blood
    A. laying down new bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. where is the red bone marrow located?

    A. within the periosteum
    B. within the spongy bone
    C. within the medullary cavity
    D. within the cartilage
    B. within the spongy bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. the mobile joints of the body are called

    A. diarthroses (synovial)
    B. cartilaginous
    C. fibrous
    D. synarthroses
    A. diarthroses (synovial)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. which type of joint is the most common in the body?

    A. fibrous
    B. synarthroses
    C. cartilaginous
    D. diarthroses (synovial)
    D. diarthroses (synovial)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. which joint is found between the plate like bones of the skull?

    A. sychondrosis
    B. symphysis
    C. synovial
    D. suture
    D. suture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. what type of joint is located between the 2 pubic bones of the pelvis?

    A. symphysis
    B. synovial
    C. synchondrosis
    D. fibrous
    A. symphysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. the fibrous membrane (capsular ligament) of a synovial joint is a continuation of the

    A. periosteum
    B. spongy bone
    C. articular cartilage
    D. compact bone
    A. periosteum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. what type of cartilage is articular cartilage?

    A. hyaline cartilage
    B. fibrocartilage
    C. elastic cartilage
    A. hyaline cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. the role of a bursa is to..

    A. absorb shock
    B. reduce friction between bones
    C. lubricate the synovial joint
    D. reduce friction between neighboring tissues
    D. reduce friction between neighboring tissues
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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