ANATOMY

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Author:
lsexton45
ID:
131459
Filename:
ANATOMY
Updated:
2012-01-29 17:56:04
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anatomy lab
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LAB FLASH CARDS
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  1. ventral mesentery
    is the part of the peritoneum closest to the navel
  2. dorsal mesentery
    The portion of mesentery attached to the greater curvature of the stomach
  3. mesentery
    A fold of the peritoneum that attaches the stomach and other organs to the posterior wall of the abdomen.
  4. serosa
    The tissue of a serous membrane, which secretes a watery, lubricating serous fluid.
  5. viscera
    interal organs
  6. ventral cavity
    houses the viscera
  7. vertebral cavity
    houses the spinal cord
  8. cranial cavity
    houses the brain
  9. dorsal body cavity
    houses the central nevous system and is futher subdivided into a cranial cavity
  10. metatarus
    toes
  11. plantar surface
    sole of the foot
  12. tarsus
    ankle
  13. pes
    foot
  14. sural
    calf
  15. crural
    shin
  16. shank
    leg
  17. popliteal fossa
    behind the knee
  18. patellar
    knee
  19. gluteal
    butt
  20. digits
    fingers
  21. metacarpus
    palm
  22. carpus
    wrist
  23. manus
    hand
  24. antebrachium
    forearm
  25. antecubital fossa
    front of the elbow
  26. olecranon
    elbow
  27. brachium
    arm
  28. acromial
    sholder
  29. sacral
    tail bone
  30. vertebral lumbar
    lower back
  31. scapular
    sholder blades
  32. inguinal
    groin
  33. sternal and mammary
    breast
  34. abdominal
    belly
  35. thoracic
    chest, thorax
  36. trunk
    is divided in to the thoracic, abdomal, and pelvic
  37. occipital
    back of the head
  38. otic
    ear
  39. mental
    chin
  40. buccal
    cheek
  41. orbital
    eye
  42. frontal
    forehead
  43. oral
    mouth
  44. nasal
    nose
  45. trunck
    body
  46. cervical
    neck
  47. cephalic
    head region: includes the nasal, oral, frontal, orbital, buccal. mental, otic, and occiptial
  48. apperdicular region
    this consists of the limbs or appendages of the body.
  49. axial region
    • the part that comprises tha main axis of the body, is know as the.
    • it includes the cephalic, cervical, and the trunk
  50. anatomical regions
    when the body is divided into two regions, the axial region and the appendicular region. these are known as the?
  51. anatomical postion
    when the human body is in this postion the body is erect and the head, toes, and palms are facing anteriorly
  52. organism
    the organ system comprise this
  53. organ systems
    one or more organs working together to preform one of more specific fuctions in the body comprise this.
  54. organs
    these are aggregations of tissues working togther to preform one or more specific fuctions in the body
  55. tissues
    cells and associated intercellular material working together to perform one of more specific function in the body form this.
  56. cells
    atoms combine to form moecules, and moecules form this.
  57. distal
    the part of the vessel that is furthers from the heart
  58. proximal
    • the part of the vessel that is closest to the heart
  59. inferior
    • the morphologically posterior direction
  60. superior
    • upward, the morphological anterior direction in the human body
  61. lateral
    the direction away from the median sagittal plane
  62. medial
    the direction toward the median sagittal plane
  63. ventral
    the direction from the back toward the belly
  64. dorsal
    the direction from the belly towars the back
  65. caudal
    towards the tail
  66. cranial
    towards the head
  67. posterior
    backwards
  68. anterior
    the direction in which the animal (normally) moves.
  69. tangential section
    cut in the obique planes
  70. oblique planes
    any other plan that is not at a right angle to the midplane or tranverse plane
  71. frontal planes
    cut the body into to "upper" and "lower" parts. (front and back for humans) we can specify this plane at the level of the jaw joints.
  72. tranverse or cross-section
    a cut in the tranverse plane
  73. transverse plane
    a plane stright across the body, at right angle to the longitudinal axis
  74. median
    structures around the median sagittal plane, and hence unpaired are said to be in this position

    EX: spinal cord
  75. parasagittal planes
    sagittal planes other than the median sagittal plane
  76. sagittal plane
    there are nearly infanate amount of these and they are parallel with the median sagittale plane
  77. MEDIAN SAGITTAL PLANE
    the plane of divison that divides the animal or human into right and left halves that are approximately mirror images of eachother

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