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What is a raw material?
- a natural resource, that can be used to make a product
What is an ally?
- a friend, espcially in times of war
How did James Moore's attack of St. Augustine compare to his attack on its fort, Castillo de Sn Marcos?
James Moore attack on St. Augustine destroyed everything in the town however, the fort was still standing and could not be entered.
How did a war between Spain and Britain affect Florida?
The war gave Oglethorpe, the first governor of Georgia, reason to attack Florida in 1740.
Who controlled Florida in 1750?
Spain and England struggled for control over Florida in the 1700s.
Spain should have had control by 1750.
How did the Spanish and the British views on runaway slaves differ?
The Spain left the Indian and slaves free while the British kept their slaves and enslaved Native Americans as well.
How many years passed between the two British attacks on St. Augustine?
- James Moore in 1702
- James Oglethrope in 1740
Which Native American groups begin moving into north Florida in the 1750?
Indians from what is now Alabama and Georgia began to move in northern Florida.
Do you think that the Britih could have won St. Augustine if they had more troops? Explain.
Yes, because they had to surrender due to most of their troop was killed.
What is a treaty?
An agreement between groups or countries.
What is a land grant?
A gift of land from the government.
What is a plantation?
A large farm some wealthy settlers in East Florida started.
What are planters?
They are Plantation owners.
How did the British government encourage settlers to come to Florida?
To attract people to Florida, Britain gave land grants to settlers.
By 1774 the British government had given more than one million acres to settlers.
Florida was such a large colony that it was split in two, with the Apalachicol River between them. What were they called and what were their caiptals.
West Florida and the capital was Pensacola.
East Florida and the capital was St. Augustine.
How did Spain lose its claim to Florida?
At the end of the French and Indian War, Britain, France and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris. The only way for Spain to get Cuba back from the British, was to give up the Florida colony to them.
What is an indentured servant?
A person who agrees to work for another person without pay for a certain length of time, usually in return for travel or living expenses.
What or who are descendants?
They are a person's children, grandchildren, and so on.
Explain the diffrence between indentured servants and salves in British Florida.
An indentured servant is a person who agrees to work for another person without pay for a certain time, usually in return for travel and living expenses.
A slave is a person owned by another person and forced to work for no pay.
In what ways were West Florida and East Florida alike? In what ways were they different?
They were rich in natural resources.
West Florida's soil was too sandy for farming. Pine forest were good source of lumber. They also produced resin and rosin. West Florida also exported deerskins and furs to Britain and its West Indies colonies.
East Florida had excellent farmland but needed more people to be a prosperous colony.
How did the British change the government and the population of Florida?
The British offered land grants in order for settlers to move to Florida and populate it.
How are the words plantation and planter related?
A plantation is a large farm.
A planter is a plantation owner.
How many years after the French and Indian War began was the Treaty of Paris signed?
The war began in 1754 and the Treay was signed nin 1763.
What crops did planters in Florida grow?
The planters grew citrus fruits, rice, cotton, sugarcane, or indigo.
Why do you think Native Americans fought on both sides in the French and Indian War?
They fought on both sides because different tribes allied themselves with the different countries.
What is a fact?
A statement that can be checked and proved to be true.
What is an opinion?
A statement that tells what the person who made it thinks or believes.
What is a debt?
It is money owed to someone else.
What is a tax?
It is money that a government collects to pay for the services it provides.
What is a representative?
It is someone who speaks and acts for a group of people.
What is independence?
Freedom of a country to govern itself.
What is a right or right?
It is a freedom.
What is revolution?
A sudden, violent change in government.
Why did Britain want to collect new taxes from the colonies?
Britain wanted the colonists to help pay the expense of the French and Indian War.
How were Loyalists different from Patriots?
Loyalists were colonist who remained loyal to Britain.
Patriots were against British rule and wanted the colonies to declare their independence.
Why did the British surrender Pensacola to Spain?
On May 8, 1781, Fort George was so badly damaged by a cannonball explosion in the gunpowder room that killed forty seamen, that the British surrendered to Spain.
How were the lives of Patriots and Loyalists similar and different?
Patriots and Loyalists were both colonists.
Patriots wanted independence from Britain while the Loyalists were loyal to Britain always.
How did Spain regain control of Florida?
After the second Treaty of Paris was signed on September 3, 1783, that ended the war, Florida was given back to Spain.
Use the terms tax and representative to explain why colonits in North America were angry with Britain.
Britain wanted to tax them for services and war with being repsented by someone in their favor.
In what year did Spain take back West Florida?
In 1781, Spain takes back West Florida by capturing Pensacola.
Why were most colonists in West Florida and East Florida Loyalists?
East and West Florida did not produce and sell enough goods to support themselves.
They depended on money from Britain.
How did Bernardo de Galvez help the American Revolution?
He captured many cities and took control. At the end of the American Revolution, the colinies received their independence and the colonies were set free from Spain as well.
What is a interpreter?
A person who translates what someone says into another language.
What is a territory?
A place owned and governed by a country.
How were Spain's relations with Native Americans similar to Britain's?
British had been trading partners with the Seminoles and other Native American groups.
Spain knew that it needed to keep these trade relations strong.
How did the Seminoles and Black Seminoles help each other.
The Black Seminoles acted as interpreters between the Seminoles and the colonists.
In return, the Seminoles offered to protect the Black Seminoles because slave trader would come to Florida and take both free Africans and runaway slaves back to the United States.
Why did Americans rebel against the Spanish in Florida?
The Spanish had joined the war as a British ally in the War of 1812.
How were the problems that Spain faced in ruling Florida a second time similar to those that it had faced the first time? How were they different?
As the British had done earlier, Manuel de Zespedes offered land grants to attract new settlers.
British had been trading partners with the Seminoles and needed to keep these relations strong.
How did having the United States as a neighbor affect life in Spanish Florida?
Spain's relations with the United States were poor from the start.
Spain lost some land to the United States when the northern border of West Florida was moved soth to 31 N Latitude.
Where might you find an interpreter? Why?
You might find A Black Seminole with the Seminoles. A Black Seminole would act as an interpreter between the Seminoles and the colonists.
When was the Louisiana Territory puchased?
In 1803, the United States buys the Lousiana Territory from France for $15 million dollars.
What did the Creeks agree to do in their treaty with Spain?
They said they would trade with the Spanish if the Spanish would protect Native Americans in West Florida. The Spanish agreed and signed the treaty.
How might life have changed for escaped slaves in Florida when they became Black Seminoles?
Black Seminoles acted as advisers and translators for the Seminoles.
They were the descendents of the people at Fort Mose and of excaped slaves.