DRUG CLASSES

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jr2108
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131528
Filename:
DRUG CLASSES
Updated:
2012-01-29 21:31:31
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DRUG CLASSES
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DRUG CLASSES: PRESCRIPTION & OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS
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  1. _______ is a decongestant found in nasal sprays.

    A. Guaifenesin
    B. Oxymetazoline
    C. Chlorpheniramine
    D. Pseudoephedrine
    C. Chlorpheniramine
  2. Which drug is classified as a nonsedating antihistamine (H1 blocker)?

    A. Loratadine (Claritin)
    B. Ranitidine (Zantac)
    C. Diazepam (Valium)
    D. Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
    A. Loratadine (Claritin)
  3. Which of the following drugs is classified as an antianginal?

    A. Warfarin (Coumadin)
    B. Nitroglycerin
    C. Digoxin
    D. Propafenone (Rythmol)
    B. Nitroglycerin
  4. Which of the following medications is an ACE inhibitor?

    A. Nifedipine
    B. Losartan
    C. Atenolol
    D. Lisinopril
    D. Lisinopril
  5. Which of the following is a cholesterol-lowering drug that works by inhibiting an enzyme called HMG-CoA reductase?

    A. Cholestyramine resin (Questran)
    B. Doxazosin (Cardura)
    C. Fenofibrate (Tricor)
    D. Fluvastatin (Lescol)
    D. Fluvastatin (Lescol)
  6. A serious side effect of aminoglycosides is

    A. deafness.
    B. photophobia.
    C. shortness of breath.
    D. heart failure.
    A. deafness.
  7. Which of the following is a sleeping pill?

    A. Ondansetron (Zofran)
    B. Phenytoin (Dilantin)
    C. Triazolam (Halcion)
    D. Sumatriptan (Imitrex)
    C. Triazolam (Halcion)
  8. The primary use of topical hydrocortisone is to

    A. relieve itching.
    B. hydrate the skin.
    C. prevent infection.
    D. reduce inflammation.
    A. relieve itching.
  9. Which brand of antibiotic contains clavulanate potassium to ward off the penicillinase enzyme secreted by many bacteria?

    A. Cephalexin (Keflex)
    B. Augmentin
    C. Amoxicillin
    D. Penicillin V
    B. Augmentin
  10. If a customer bought Tylenol tablets, which analgesic was purchased?

    A. Acetaminophen
    B. Aspirin
    C. Ibuprofen
    D. Ketoprofen
    A. Acetaminophen
  11. Which of the following drugs is classified as an inhalant bronchodilator?

    A. Salmeterol (Serevent)
    B. Theophylline
    C. Prednisone (Deltasone)
    D. Beclomethasone (Beconase)
    A. Salmeterol (Serevent)
  12. _______ is a cough suppressant that many retailers have elected to sell only to patients aged 18 years and older because it has become a drug of abuse.

    A. Pseudoephedrine
    B. Guaifenesin
    C. Dextromethorphan
    D. Diphenhydramine
    C. Dextromethorphan
  13. _______ is a common drug used to treat tuberculosis.

    A. Vancomycin
    B. Nystatin (Mycostatin)
    C. Quinine
    D. Isoniazid (Nydrazid)
    D. Isoniazid (Nydrazid)
  14. Angiotensin-2 receptor blockers reduce blood pressure by

    A. blocking the uptake of calcium.
    B. preventing vasoconstriction.
    C. preventing the outflow of large volumes of blood.
    D. blocking the release of epinephrine.
    B. preventing vasoconstriction.
  15. A patient comes to the pharmacy complaining of gas. Which active ingredient does he need to take?

    A. Glycerin
    B. Docusate sodium
    C. Sodium phosphate
    D. Simethicone
    D. Simethicone
  16. If a patient came into the pharmacy saying the doctor recommended an expectorant, the pharmacist might explain that a productive cough is one that

    A. removes secretions and phlegm from the lower respiratory tract.
    B. blocks the effects of histamine.
    C. halts the formations of prostaglandins.
    D. increases the propulsive peristaltic activity in the intestine by irritation of the mucosa.
    A. removes secretions and phlegm from the lower respiratory tract.
  17. _______ is an antihistamine found in cold and allergy products.

    A. Chlorpheniramine
    B. Oxymetazoline
    C. Pseudoephedrine
    D. Guaifenesin
    A. Chlorpheniramine
  18. Which of the following is a proton pump inhibitor that's available without a prescription?

    A. Omeprazole
    B. Ranitidine
    C. Famotidine
    D. Calcium carbonate
    A. Omeprazole
  19. A customer needs a mild, bulk-type laxative. From the following choices, the pharmacist would tell you to suggest

    A. phenylephrine.
    B. mineral oil.
    C. bisacodyl.
    D. polyethylene glycol.
    D. polyethylene glycol.
  20. Which antihypertensive drug belongs to the beta-blocker class of drugs?

    A. Nifedipine (Procardia)
    B. Metoprolol (Lopressor)
    C. Doxazosin (Cardura)
    D. Enalapril (Vasotec)
    B. Metoprolol (Lopressor)

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