Card Set Information
formula for hydrocarbon:
compounds that contain H and one or more nonmetals, and produce hydrogen ions when dissolved in water:
how might an inorganic acid be identified by just its chemical formula?
H is the first element in the formula
-inorganic acids that are differ only in the number of oxygen atoms:
-how are they named?
according the number of oxygens in the formula
how are inrganic acids named?
like binary non-metals, but without the prefixes, or by common names.
Names and Forumlas of the Halogen Oxoacids: (Cl)
1. perchloric acid
2. chloric acid
3. chlorous acid
4. hypochlorous acid
Halogen Oxoacids (4, Br)
1. perbromic acid
2. bromic acid
3. bromous acid
4. hypobromous acid
Halogen Oxoacids (4, I)
1. periodic acid
2. iodic acid
3. iodous acid
4. hypoiodous acid
-naming oxoacids: suffix "ic" indicates:
more oxygen atoms
fewer oxygen atoms
common names of inorganic acids
1. phosphoric acid
2. nitric acid
3. nitrous acid
4. sulfuric acid
5. sulfurous acid
species that carry a positive (cation) or negative (anion) charge:
held together by strong attractive forces between cations and anions:
most of these compounds are solids with very high mealting points:
most of these compounds are gases, liquids, or solids with low mealting points:
formed when an atom gains or looses one or more electrons:
-when an ion charge is written with an atomic symbol, is the charge or the numeric value is written first?
-when otherwise describing the charge, is the charge or the numeric value written first?
most main group elements form monoatomic ions, true of false?
-group 1A, 2A, and 3A form ______
-that have a charge that is ________ to the group number of the element.
groups 5A, 6A, and 7A form _____
that have charge equal to ___ minus the group element.
what kind of ions do hydrogen atoms form?
forms cations with charges rengin from +1 to +3; some form more than one monoatomic ion:
group contains both metals and nonmetals; some form cations, and some form anions:
form cations with charges that are not easily predicted:
Group 3A, 4A, and 5A
(ther than Al)