Introduction to Computers

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Author:
vetricataylor
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131678
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Introduction to Computers
Updated:
2012-01-30 14:10:11
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Lecture
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Test tommorrow
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  1. What is a computer?
    A computer is a machine that performs tasks or calculations according to a set of instructions or programs.
  2. The first fully electronic computer was introduced in the
    A. 1940's
    B. 1910's
    C. 1960's
    D. 1950's
    A. 1940's
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. How does a computer work?
    Computers work through an interaction of hardware and software.
  4. Who is a user?
    A person who uses the computer directly or uses information it provides
  5. The parts of a computer that you can see and touch is called__________.
    A. keyboard
    B. computer
    C. hardware
    D. modem
    C. Hardware
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The most important piece of hardware is inside your computer- it is a tiny rectangular chip called the ___________________
    A. 10 key feature
    B. software
    C. IP address
    D. CPU (central processing unit)
    D. Central Processing unit (CPU)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The instructions or programs that tell the hardware what to do is called the ___________
    A. hardware
    B. typeware
    C. software
    D. programming
    C. software
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. What are two well- known operating systems?
    A. Compaq and Word
    B. Dell and Macintosh
    C. Microsoft and Acer
    D. Windows and Macintosh
    D. Windows and Macintosh
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. How do you know what version Windows you are running and what your computers stats are?
    A. Task bar
    B. Minimize bar
    C. app on your IPhone
    D. Control Panel
    D. Control Panel
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. There are 4 differenet types of computers
    name them and briefly describe them
    • Desktop- designed for use at desk or table; typically larger
    • Laptop- lightweight mobile PC's with a thin screen often called notebook computer; portable; operate on batteries
    • Handheld- also called PDA (personal digital assistant) battery powered; small and portable; have touch screens and use stylus
    • Tablet PC's- mobile PCs that combine features of laptops and handhelds; use tablet pen
  11. Name 5 things you can do with a computer?
    • Keep Records
    • Analyze Data
    • Research
    • Manage Projects
    • Store Pictures and Music
  12. There are 4 parts to a computer give me the term for this one
    ______ ______ core of a computer system, also known as a tower. Inside there are many electronic components that process information
    system unit
  13. The _______ (which is the most important) is electronic components that process information
    A. monitor
    B. central processing unit (CPU)
    C. Tower
    D. modem
    B. Central Processing Unit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. RAM stands for _____________ which is also housed in the system unit. it temporarily uses information that the CPU uses while the computer is on ; it is erased when the computer is turned off
    Random Access Memory
  15. ______ are typically on the back of the computer but can also be on front; what parts of the computer plug into
    a. USB
    b. ports
    c. Flash Drive
    d. Plug-ins
    B. Ports
  16. __________ are external devices plugged into the computer for various purposes
    A. modem
    B. speakers
    C. keyboard
    D. periphial device
    D. Periphial Device
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Disk drives: _____ drive is the main part of the computer; this is where all prgrams, files, settings, etc, are stored
    A. B
    B. D.
    C. C
    D. E
    C. C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Drive __ is the CD drive; it is used to run CD's and DVD's which can be rewritable ( you can erase and write new information ).
    a. D
    b. H
    C. E
    D. C
    A. D
  19. _______ is an external port drive that you can use to move files from one location to another; you mut have a USB port for this.
    a. USB port
    b. Jump Drive
    C. Ports
    D. External Device
    B .Jump Drive
  20. _____ is a small device used to point to and select items on your screen; can be wireless
    A. mouse
    B. printer
    C. lapotp
    D. screen/keyboard
    A. Mouse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Other parts of the computer include....
    • Keyboard
    • Monitor
    • Printer
    • Speakers
    • modem
  22. __________________ is used for typing text in your computer; has letters and number keys and also function and navigation keys; and a numeric keypad
    A. calculator
    B. keyboard
    C. printer
    D. modem
    B. Keyboard
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. ____________displays information in visual for; can range in size; can be flat screen or touch screen; CRT (cathode ray tube) or LCD (liquid crystal display) monitors; LCDs are smaller and thinner; CRTs are more affordable
    a. monitor
    b.keypad
    c.home button
    d.desktop
    monitor
  24. __________transfer data from a computer to paper; can be inkjet ; laser jet is clearer and typically faster; inkjet is more home use while laser jet is more office use; laser jet handle larger quantities better
    Printer
  25. ______ are used to play sound; may be built in or connected with cables
    Speakers
  26. ___________ is a device that send and receive computer information over a telephone line or a high-speed cable; can be built into but generally are seperate
    Modem
  27. When you boot up your PC (personal computer), the operating systwm takes you to the _____________

    a. web page
    b. Microsoft Word
    c. desktop
    d. recycle bin
    desktop
  28. The desktop remains in the ___________ when you run programs.
    a. mouse
    b. help button
    c. monitor
    d. background
    d. background
  29. The desktop contains ________ and _____ to help control the PC.
    A. microsoft and excel
    B. taskbars and mouse
    C. objects and menus
    D. titles and web pages
    C. objects and menus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. You can __________ your desktop
    a. create
    b. delete
    c. sell
    d. personalize
    personalize
  31. _______ (also known as shortcuts) are small graphics representing programs, hardware and data
    a. taskbars
    b. menu status
    c. icons
    d. shortcuts
    icons
  32. A ______ is a bar at the bottom of the screen that shows active programs of the computer.
    a. tool bar
    b. task bar
    c. status bar
    d. window bar
    task bar
  33. A _ is a box at the bottom right of the screen that shows the syste status
    a. system tray
    b. recycle bin
    c. tool box
    d. task pane
    system tray
  34. ____________ is the main control of the desktop; can also Right-Click for more options
    a. Settings
    b. Windows
    c. Start Menu
    d. Mouse
    Start Menu
  35. _______________ is the loaction where an item is palced once it is deleted from the computer; once am file is removed from the______________, it is completely gone from the computer
    a. trash
    b.Recycle Bin
    c. memory
    d.RAM
    Recycle Bin
  36. __________ is the location of the computer where you will store most of your files unless the files are stored on a CD
    a. my documents folder
    b. storage medium
    c. sales
    d. desktop
    my documents folder
  37. The software program used to acomplish a task(s?) on the PC is called

    a. RAM
    b. CRT
    c.LCD
    d. Application Program
    Application Program
  38. This system helps control the enviroment______
    A. Windows
    B. Program of Deletion
    C. Settings
    D.Operating System
    B. Operating System
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. There are several ways to start an application program name the 3 ways
    • use the start menu
    • Double-click the prora icon on the desktop
    • Go to Windows Explorer
  40. Computers can do more than one task at a time
    A. True
    B False
    True
  41. You can use the _______ to change between open programs
    a. tool bar
    b. task bar
    c. window bar
    d. ice cream bar
    task bar
  42. Thhe operating system works in ____________ areas on the screen called ______
    a. circles and windows
    b. rectangular and windows
    c. triangles and windows
    d. spheres and windows
    rectangular and windows
  43. Each window has several parts a ______ and the program and ___ buttons ( Maximize, minimize, and close)
    a. programd and 6
    b. features and 2
    c. title bar and 3
    d. task bar and 3
    title bar and 3
  44. _________________shrinks the window to the taskbar
    a. minimize
    b. maximize
    c.close
    d.task bar
    minimize
  45. ______fills the screen with the window
    a. minimize
    b. maximize
    c. close
    d. task bar
    maximize
  46. _______ends the prgoram and closes the window
    a. close
    b. task bar
    c. minimize
    d. maximize
    close
  47. _____________ gives you access to the programs working comands
    a. task bar
    b. menu bar
    c. toolbar
    d. task pane
    menu bar
  48. ________contain buttons that give direct access to a task
    a. toolbars
    b. taskpane
    c. close
    d. menu bar
    toolbars
  49. ____________ allows you to see more items outside of the size of the window
    a. menu bars
    b. tool bars
    c. task bars
    d. scroll bars
    scroll bars
  50. A box that appears on the screen when you select certain options from the menus ( ex Print Box)
    Dialog box
  51. A dialog box allows you to specify your pesonal options for the task to be done
    remember this
  52. A dialog box cotains many control features , such as buttons, check boxes and list boxes.
    Study this

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