Card Set Information

2012-01-30 14:00:07

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  1. A turning point in a disease or another condition.
  2. Methods and techniques used to assist a person in distress to resolve the immediate problem and regain emotional equilibrium.
    Crisis Intervention and stabilization
  3. A crisis precipitated by a sudden traumatic event (ex. Job loss).
    Situational crisis
  4. A crisis precipitated by the normal stress of development.
    Maturational crisis
  5. A crisis precipitated by an unexpected event (ex. Natural disaster, bombing, shooting)
    Adventitious crisis
  6. A behavioral pattern of drug abuse characterized by overwhelming involvement with use of a drug (compulsive use) and securing its supply, and by a high tendancy to relapse after discontinuation.
  7. Most serious form of withdrawl from alcohol; occurs after cessation or reduction in prolonged heavy drinking; can be a medical emergency and needs immediate treatment.
    Delirium tremens
  8. Manifestations of intoxication after drinking excessive alcohol include maladaptive behavior such as fighting, impaired judgment, and interference with social or occupational functioning.
  9. Safe removal of the chemical substance from the body (usually 3-5 days peaking during second day).
  10. Painful physical and psychological symptoms that follow discontinuance of a drug.
  11. A phenomenon in which a person functions normally while drinking but later has no memory of what occurred during that period, with no accompanying loss of consciousness.
  12. A phenomenon that occurs after heavy drug or alcohol use in which the user needs more of the drug to achieve the same effect.
  13. Phase I-begins use to relieve stress; Phase II-starts with blackouts and periods of amnesia; Phase III-loses control, becomes more dependant than abusive; Phase IV-usually more intoxicated than sober.
    Alcohol phases
  14. Encephalopathy associated with thiamine deficiency; usually associated with chronic alcoholism or other causes of severe malnutrition.
    Wernicke’s encephalopathy
  15. A syndrome in which muscle weakness, paresthesias, impaired reflexes , and autonomic symptoms in the hands and feet are common. This syndrome occurs in patients with diabetes mellitus, renal or hepatic failure, alcoholism, or in those who take certain medications such as phenytoin and isoniazid.
    Peripheral neuropathy
  16. Caused from a thiamine deficiency involves gait disturbances, short-term memory loss, disorientation, delirium, confabulation, and neuropathy.
    Karsacoff’s psychosis
  17. Heart muscle damage caused by years of heavy alcohol usage. Affected patients have enlarged (dilated) hearts and left ventricular failure. Abstinence from alcohol may halt or reverse the course of the illness in some individuals.
    Alcohol cardiomyopathy
  18. Abuse begins by using for relief of stress and increasing pleasure and dependence is used to maintain the pleasurable effects.
    Abuse vs. dependence
  19. Alcohol withdrawl, marked by visual hallucinations, extreme agitation, tachycardia, hypertension, and other signs and symptoms of cerebral and autonomic hyperactivity.
    Alcoholic hallucinosis
  20. A form of toxic dementia in which there is loss of memory and problem-solving ability after many years of alcohol abuse.
    Alcoholic dementia
  21. Absence of or abnormal cessation of menstruation.
  22. A life-threatening eating disorder characterized by disturbed body image, emaciation, and intense fear of becoming obese.
    Anorexia nervosa
  23. An eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating, with accompanying marked distress and impaired control over such behavior.
    Binge eating disorder
  24. An eating disorder characterized by binge eating, followed by purging.
    Bulimia nervosa
  25. A cognitive distortion by which a person relies on his/her subjective emotions to determine reality.
    Emotional reasoning
  26. Attempting to eliminate the body of excess calories; examples of purging methods include self-induced vomiting, use of laxatives, and excessive exercise.
  27. Being full to satisfaction (esp. with food)
  28. Violent acts that are usually premeditated and motive driven (frequently economic gain), usually involving people unknown to one another.
    Instrumental violence
  29. Interpersonal violence, usually between people known to one another and of similar age, ethnicity, and cultural background.
    Expressive violence