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2012-05-02 10:04:28
micro terms

micro terms
Show Answers:

  1. 1. What is the study of disease?
  2. 2. What is etiology?
    2. The study of the CAUSE of the disease
  3. 3. What is the way the pathogen is spread known as?
    3. mode of transmission
  4. 4. What is the growth of microorganisms in/on the body?
    4. Infection
  5. 5. What is a disease?
    5. A change from a normal, healthy state
  6. 6. What is a sign?
    6. A visual, measurable change in bodyfunction *due to disease*
  7. 7. What are subjective changes in an infected individual’s body function due to a disease?
    7. A symptom
  8. 8. What can not be seen or measured?
    8. Symptoms
  9. 9. What is a specific group if signs and symptoms that typically occur together?
    9. Syndrome
  10. 10. What disease is caused by a microorganism?
    10. an infectious disease
  11. 11. What three types of diseases are there?
    11. infectious, communicable, and noncommunicable
  12. 12. What kind of disease can be spread from one infected person to an uninfected person?
    12. communicable
  13. 13. What kind of disease is NOT spread from one person to another?
    13. noncommunicable
  14. 14. How do noncommunicable diseases happen?
    14. caused microorganisms acquired from environment
  15. 15. What is another word for a communicable disease?
    15. Contagious
  16. 16. What value tells the number of people who develop a disease in a particulartime period?
    16. Incidence
  17. 17. What does an incidence indicate?
    17. how much and how quickly a disease is spreading
  18. 18. What value tells the number of people in a population with a certain disease at one time?
    18. prevalence
  19. 19. What does prevalence help indicate?
    19. how widespread the disease is
  20. 20. What is another word for incidence?
    20. morbidity
  21. 21. What value tells the number of people in a population who die from a disease in a time period?
    21. morality
  22. 22. What kind of disease only occurs occasionally in a population?
    22. Sporadic
  23. 23.What kind of disease is constantly present?
  24. 24.What is the number of new cases of a disease that increases quickly called?
  25. 25.What is a world wide epidemic?
  26. 26.How is a severe, rapidly developing and short lasting disease described?
  27. 27.How is a slow developing and less severe but longer lasting disease described?
  28. 28.How is a disease that is between being acute and chronic described?
  29. 29.What description of disease shows no signs or symptoms that are not apparent until later?
  30. 30.What kind of infection shows no signs or symptoms?
  31. 31.What kind of disease affects a limited area in the body?
  32. 32.What kind of disease is spread through out the body, such as in the blood or lymph?
  33. 33. What is the presence of bacteria in the blood called?
    33. bacteremia
  34. 34.What is it called when bacteria is in the blood but not reproducing?
    34. septicemia
  35. 35. What is the presence of toxins in the blood?
    35. toxemia
  36. 36. What is the presence of viruses in the blood?
  37. 37. What is the most dangerous of the terms of stuff in the blood?
  38. 38. What is the difference between a primary and secondary infection?
    38. primary happens when a person is healthy, secondary happens after a personhas been sick
  39. 39. What is the phase between exposure to a pathogen and the first symptoms called?
    39. incubation period
  40. 40. What is the phase of the actual development of the signs and symptoms called?
    40. prodromal phase
  41. 41. What phase is when signs/symptoms are at their worst?
    41. illness phase
  42. 42. What is the phase called when a patient is feeling better?
    42. decline phase
  43. 43. What is the time of continued recovery called?
    43.convalescence period
  44. 44. What are three reservoirs of infection?
    44. human carriers, animal zoonoses, and nonliving reservoirs
  45. 45. What are “carriers”?
    45. human who harbor pathogens which may be transmitted to others
  46. 46. What are “zoonoses”?
    46. animals harboring pathogens which may be transmitted to humans
  47. 47. What are non living things with pathogens may be acquired?
    47. nonliving reservoirs
  48. 48. What type of transmission spreads pathogens by physical contact between one infected person to an uninfected person?
    48. direct
  49. 49. What is the difference between horizontal direct transmission and vertical direct transmission?
    49. horizontal is from one thing to another, vertical is from parent to offspring
  50. 50. What type of transmission involves pathogens being picked up from a contaminated,inanimate object?
    50. indirect
  51. 51 What are the inanimate objects which hold pathogens known as?
    51. fomites
  52. 52. What is the type of transmission where pathogens are spread by expelled mucus?
    52. droplet
  53. 53. What four “vehicles” transmit pathogens?
    53. waterbourne, foodbourne, airbourne, blood/body fluids/ IV fluids
  54. 54. What is the difference between droplet transmission and airbourne vehicle transmission?
    54. droplet pathogens only travel one meter, airbourne pathogens travel furtherthan one meter
  55. 55. What is an example of a vector transmission of pathogens?
    55. “biological vector” where insects transmit pathogens
  56. 56. What is the study of disease transmission and occurrence?
    56. epidemiology
  57. 57. What does CDC stand for?
    57. center for disease control (and prevention)
  58. 58. Who are “WHO”?
    58. world health organization