Describe at least five factors which can interfere with nutrient absorption.
GERD: reflux or backward flow of gastric contents (acidic chyme) from the stomach to the esophagus can damage and inflame the esophageal mucosa and result in reflux esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus caused by the refluxed gastric contents)
IBDs: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases are characterized by acute, relapsing, or chronic inflammation of various segments of the GI tract, especially the intestines. Nutrient malabsorption is a significan problem because nutrient digestion is impaired and nutrient transit time is typically decreased and malabsorption occurs.
Celiac Disease, also called gluten- or gliadin-sensitive enteropathy or celiac sprue, results from an intolerance to gluten (rye, wheat, barley, and sometimes avenin in oats). Manifestations of celiac disease include diarrhea, abdominal pain, malabsorption, and weight loss.
Chronic Pancreatitis: the exocrine portion of the pancreas produces several enzymes needed to digest all nutrients. A person with chronic pancreatitis experiences severe pain, especially with eating, as well as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.