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the social contexts in which people live
group of people who share a culture and a territory
corners in life that people occupy because of their place in society
-jobs, race, gender
-more emphasis on artifacts, authority, and language
production and distribution of the material goods and services of a society
choices of production and consumption
how everything is made
what they cost
politics and gov't
how people attain ruling positions
how they maintain and consequences of rulers' actions
how gov'ts are formed
how related to other institutions of society
sleep and dreams
See things as a whole
focues primarily on industrialized and postindustrialized
don't concentrate on a single social institution
stress external to determine influence and how they adjust
Origins of Society- 3 main events
1. Social upheaval of the Industrial Revolution
-couldn't rely on tradition to provide answers to difficult life questions
2. Social upheaval of revolution (American and French)
-swept away existing social orders
-exposed to radically different ways of life
positivism- what holds society together?
what creates social order? anarchy? chaos?
what does society change?
Purpose of sociology- to discover social principles but apply them to social reform
Vocab, concepts, etc.