HWC 204 Ch.8

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HWC 204 Ch.8
2012-03-29 19:25:26
HWC 204

Ch. 8 - The Institutionalization of Christianity: Augustine
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  1. Constantine
    • He was an emporer that put an end to the persecution of Christians.
    • He had seen a vision of Christ and took Christianity as his own religion.
  2. Marcion
    a leading church figure in Rome who proposed that the God of Jesus was wholly a God of love, incompatible with the God of the Old Testament, which often describes God as a warrior. He wanted to omit the Old Testament completely but he was excommunicated.
  3. Apologia
    Greek word meaning, a speaking in defense
  4. Tertullian
    A Carthaginian lawyer converted to Christianity around 195. He was an apologist. He made a huge impact on the institutionalization of Christianity
  5. Donatism
    • one of the 3 heresies that threatened the church. The donatists believed that Christians must remain pure in their faith and priests that stray even momentarily invalidate their ministries.
    • Augustine argued that the church like all of humanity includes the weak and the strong.
  6. Pelagianism
    one of 3 heresies that threatened the church. Augustine felt this was a perversion of the Christian gospel.
  7. Allegorical interpretation
    This allowed persons, events, and portrayals of God in the Bible to be seen more literal as symbols and parables of higher spiritual meanings. Allegoric interpretation came to dominate Christian exegesis of the Bible until the Reformation.
  8. Neo Platonism
    • Together with allegorical interpretation, neo Platonism enabled Augustine to take Christianity seriously and ultimately convert. Neo Platonism
    • taught two things; the reality of the non material, and the unreality of evil. This allowed Augustine to see things that aren’t just physical such as thoughts and ideas.
  9. The City of God
    Augustine argued that within history, which began with God’s creation and will end with his judgment, exist 2 cities. The city of God, created out of love and the earthly city, created out of human desire and love of self.
  10. Nicene Creed
    The views of the Athaniasians are still repeated today throughout Christian Churches and is known as ______?
  11. Athaniasians
    They believed Jesus was of the same being as God.
  12. Arians
    They believed Jesus was the first and highest being but fundamentally differed from God.