Ch. 10 – Intellectual Movement of the Middle Ages: Thomas Aquinas
was a system of military service and land tenure that bound Europe’s ruling classes into an elaborate pyramid of political and military power.
Medival monarch who attempted to restore order and unity in Europe. The Frankish King, Charles the Great aka Charlemagne
In 410 the barbarian general Alaric and his troops invaded Rome.
Hildegarde of Bingen
Her covenants carried Christianity to the Germanic peoples. She was famous for her learning and visionary insights.
Scholasticism was first successfully practiced by St. Anselm who at the end of his life was the archbishop of Canterbury in England. Anselm believed that the universe reveals God’s truth. He emphasized the ability to arrive at truth through reasonable conclusions.
Philip emerged as France’s most successful medieval monarch. Under Philip Augustus, 13th century France replace the Holy Roman Empire as the most powerful nation on the European continent.
The arts of the Trivium consisted of grammar, rhetoric, and logic. One branch of liberal arts.
The quadrivium consisted of arithmetic, music, astronomy, and geometry. Other branch of the liberal arts.
Quaestio which also means question was used in Scholastic dialectic. A problem would be posed in the form of a question (quaestio). This helped promote formal discussion and debate.
In scholastic dialect the argument that universals were only names applied to individual things and that only the individual thing was real was known as nominalism.
the intellectual approach to knowledge that came to dominate the schools and universities is called scholasticism. Scholasticism was the application of reason to revelation: the effort to think clearly and systematically about the teachings of Christianity.