Questions to study for 4-H Horse Bowl, 4th-5th Grades
During which gestation trimester does the foal grow most rapidly?
What is the oldest and most common method of selecting hay?
Visual appraisal (looking!)
What is routinely added to horse feeds and/or supplied free choice?
A horse used the neck as a ( what )?
Name three types of flies.
What type of colic is due to muscular contractions of the intestinal tract and may be associated with overexcitement?
* Spraying a horse with cool water
* Placing ice packs on the head & large blood vessels on the inside of the legs
* Standing the animal in the shade or in a cool, well-ventilated barn are ALL first aid treatments for ( what )?
Who should palpate (examine by touching) a horse's mouth?
Only those experienced in equine dentistry
The Spanish Mustang is a descendant of horses brought to the new world by whom?
In the horse world, what do the initials TWHBEA stand for?
Tennessee Walking Horse Breeders and Exhibitors Association
Name the by-product of a sucrose refined from sugar cane or sugar beets that is commonly added to feeds.
What is the most accurate method to assess nutrients in a hay?
Salt is made of what two minerals?
Sodium and chloride
The neck should be ( what ) to the horse's overall length and height?
What is the high-tech development of recent years that permits application of a shoe to the foot without nails?
If the middle incisors of the lower jaw are so far forward that they do not contact the incisors of the upper jaw, the horse is said to be what?
The major function of the skin in horses is ???
What is the makeup of the check teeth?
Three premolars and 3 molars
What determines hay quality and leafiness?
Stage of maturity
Name the breed of horse characterized by tobiano and overall color patterns and is a limited breed registry for stock-type horses.
Paint (American Paint Horse)
The headquarters for the Tennessee Walking Horse is located in what Tennessee city?
When during lactation does a mare's milk yield, energy, and fat content peak?
During the first 30 days of lactation
A horse that was given a numerical condition score of "9" would be categorized as what?
The most important factor affecting the quality of a forage is what?
Stage of maturity at time of harvest
What is the single most important characteristic in equine selection?
Name 2 things that can result from using pads?
Sole to weaken
What is the most essential, easily available, and most-often overlooked nutrient required by the horse?
What do you call a blockage of the intestinal tract?
An additional small rudimentary tooth just in front of the upper cheek teeth and rarely present is the lower jaw is called what?
What is the common name for stomoxys calcitrans?
Bloodsucking stable flies
PHBA is a color breed registry that stands for?
Palomino Horse Breeders of America
What leg marking is characterized by white color that extends almost to the knee of the horse?
Stocking (last one on the right)
Molasses is an energy source that is used in horse feeds for 2 primary reasons. Name them.
Improve palatability (taste)
Sometimes red clover may have a mold infection that causes horses to what?
Other than salt, the 2 most significant minerals added to horse diets are what?
At about what age does Galvayne's Groove appear?
10 years of age
What is balance determined by?
The skeletal structure
What part of the hoof bears the weight of the horse?
How much water on average will a 1,000 pound horse consume per day?
What temperature range indicates that a horse is suffering heat exhaustion?