HWC 205 Ch.3

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HWC 205 Ch.3
2012-03-05 20:58:30
HWC 205 Midterm

Ch.3 Voltaire and the Enlightenment
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  1. empiricism
    the doctrine that all knowledge is derived from sense experience
  2. rationalism
    the doctrine that reason alone is a source of knowledge and is independent of experience
  3. Huguenots
    frech protestants were known as _________.
  4. Treaty of Utrecht
    signed by France, England, Holland and Spain; this treaty ended the War of Spanish Succession that divided European powers for years.
  5. salon
    run by wealthy and influential women, these fostered an ongoing desire for widening the scientific community and opening the elite to new ideas.
  6. deism
    an important influential religious doctrine. Deists accepted the existence of God but they rejected the tenents of any organized church. Deism contends that humans cannot possibly know God so they should focus their attention on humans and human problems.
  7. philosophe
    an intellectual leader of the enlightment. Voltaire was this _____
  8. materialism
    emphasis on material objects with a rejection of spiritual, intellectual, or cultural values
  9. Ancien regime
    Aka "Old Regime." This rule/monarchy was not based on absolutism. The French monarchy did not originally rule over all the territories.
  10. Frederic the Great
    King of Prussia
  11. Manichaean
    used to describe James the Anabaptist and Martin
  12. Estates General
    (regarding the French Revolution) this was a meeting of representatives from all three estates. They clergy insisted that they were the only ones to authorize new taxes.
  13. Bastille
    (Regarding the french revolution) this represented an armed mob that marched onto a royal prison located in the heart of working class Paris. This was a symbolic victory, this represented the worst excesses of monarchy. With its fall, the old regime came to an end and the french revolution began.
  14. Robespierre
    (regarding the french revolution) this man was leader of the committee of public safety. The Regin of Terror was meant to punish enemies of the republic but quickly turned the committee on its own allies. This man was killed after sentencing many of his fellow frenchman to death.
  15. Committee of Public Safety
    (regarding the french revolution) this was a 12 member committee established to guide the war effort and run the nation.
  16. Battle of Waterloo
    (regarding the french revolution) Napolean Bonaparte was defeated at this war.
  17. Jean Jacques Rousseau
    Rousseau adopted the state of nature theory: human beings in the state of nature are free and equal.