HWC 205 ch.5
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offered seven positions that describe their political goals. However, these goals did not extend to the lower classes.
the theory that humans are mainly motivated by the desire for pleasure or happiness.
principle of utility
"the highest good in its universal expression is the greatest happiness for the greatest number of persons." This was thought to be the best basis for society.
prominent spokesperson for the conservatives. He felt that the French Revolution had become so extreme because it was in the hands of the working class instead of the middle class which were men of property and professionals.
alternative to classical liberalism, a group of radical liberalists took up the cause of the working classes. The utiliterians also supported this form of fuller democracy.
married to John Stuart Mill, her influence helped create his work "On Liberty"
moral philosophies that say that humans ought to pursue happiness or pleasure as the highest moral good are forms
The Utilitarians scientifically observed human behavior and concluded that persons sought either happiness or pleasure (psychological hedonism). If this is what himans naturally sought, then it should provide the basis for morality (ethical hedonism).
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