Chapter 15 Vocab

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131847
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Chapter 15 Vocab
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2012-01-30 20:28:45
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  1. All organisms and the part of the Earth where they exist
    Biosphere
  2. Collection of living things
    Biota
  3. Collection of Earth's water bodies, ice, and water vapor
    Hydrosphere
  4. Air blanketing Earth's solid surface
    Atmosphere
  5. Features of Earth's surface-such as continents and the sea floor- and everything below Earth's surface
    Geosphere
  6. Average long-term weather pattern of a region
    Climate
  7. Climate of a specific location within a larger area
    Microclimate
  8. Dense covering formed by the uppermost branches of trees
    Canopy
  9. Biome in which the primary plant life is grass
    Grassland
  10. Biome characterized by a very dry climate
    Desert
  11. Tree that has adapted to winter temperatures by dropping its leaves and going dormant during the cold season
    Deciduous Trees
  12. Tree that retains its needles year-round and reproduces with cones
    Coniferous Trees
  13. Biome with long and cold winters, lasting up to 6 months, also called boreal forest
    Taiga
  14. Biome found at far northern latitudes where winters last as long as 10 months per year
    Tundra
  15. Biome characterized by hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters; also called Mediterranean Shrub
    Chaparral
  16. Strip of land between the high andlow tide lines
    Intertidal Zones
  17. Zone of the ocean that extends from the intertidal zone out to the edge of the continental shelf
    Neritic Zone
  18. Zone of the ocean that extends from the edge of the neritic zone to the base of the continental shelf
    Bathyal Zone
  19. Depth of the ocean that lies below 2,000 meters and is in complete darkness
    Abyssal Zone
  20. Microscopic, free-floating organisms, which may be animals or protists, that lives in the water
    Plankton
  21. Animal plankton
    Zooplankton
  22. Photosynthetic, microscopic protists, such as algae
    Phytoplankton
  23. Ocean habitat found in the shallow coastal waters in a tropical climate
    Coral Reef
  24. Ocean habitat that exists in cold, nutrient-rich shallow coastal waters, composed of large communities of kelp, and seaweed
    Kelp Forest
  25. Partially enclosed body of water found where a river flows into the ocean
    Estuary
  26. Region of land that drains into a river, river system, or other body of water
    Watershed
  27. Area between the high and low water marks along the shoreline of a lake or pond
    Littoral Zone
  28. Open water of a lake or pond that is located away from shore
    Limnetic Zone
  29. Lake or pond bottom where no sunlight can reach
    Benthic Zone

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