The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards.
An organism made up of only one cell
An organism made up of more than one cell
The outer layer of plant, bacteria and fungi cells.
- The selectively permeable boundary layer of cells.
- Made of a lipid bilayer .
- Hydrophilic ends and hydrophobic center.
Contains and circulates organelles.
Control center of the cell which contains genetic material and is bound by a double membrane.
Genetic material inside the nucleus.
Have cell walls made of cellulose
Have cell walls made of peptidoglycan
- Made of protein and carbohydrates.
- Forms bacteria cell walls.
Have cell walls made of chitin
Polysaccharide that forms fungi cell walls
- The inside of a cell membrane is aqueous
- Allows some things through, and for some it doesn't .
- Ex. The cell Membrane
Material moving from high to low concentration, or with/down the concentration
Hydrophobic material must pass through the proteins in a cell membrane.
The cell must use energy to move material from low to high concentration.
- The cell needs to take in a large items so it engulfs it.
- A vesicle forms to transport the items into the cell.
Bulk transport into the cell.
Bulk transport out of the cell.
A pocket formed to transport material during bulk transport.
- The movement of water down the concentration gradient across a membrane.
- Water cannot go through the membrane because it is, obviously, hydrophilic.
- So water goes across the cell membrane through facilitated diffusion.
- More particles outside the cell. ie: salt
- Less Water outside the cell.
- Causes water to leave the cell, and the cell shrivels up and dies.
- Less Particles outside the cell. ie: salt.
- More water outside the cell.
- Causes the cell to swell and burst.
Perfectly balanced concentrations inside and out of the cell.
Having membrane bound organelles.
A cell that dose not have membrane bound organelles.
Organelle for storage of wastes and other material.
Sites of Protein synthesis; not bound by a membrane.
Smooth Endoplasmic reticulum
System of membrane and tubes that transports substances around the cell.
Rough Endoplasmic reticulum
- Endoplasmic reticulum with ribosomes bound to it.
- Ribosomes on the rough ER specifically synthesize, membrane proteins like channels, or secreted proteins.
Sorts and packages proteins made by ribosomes on rough ER.
- Function in cellular respiration.
- Produce ATP for the cell.
- Bound by double membrane.
Digest foreign substances and worn-out organelles.
Help to form spindle fibers during mitosis.
- Control center of the cell.
- Contains genetic material (DNA).
- Bound by a double membrane.
- Small, dense structure in the nucleus.
- Site of ribosome synthesis.
A protein used to break down substances.
- A substance that makes a chemical reaction occur faster.
- An enzyme.
The places where the reactants bind to the enzyme.
- Reactants in an enzyme-catalyzed reaction.
- The thing being broken down.
- An enzyme loses its shape.
- Can be cause from heat.
Molecules that help enzymes work faster, and sometimes they are necessary for a reaction to occur.
- Vitamins a coenzymes.
- They helped the body function properly and perform chemical reactions.