Card Set Information
Science Test Prep
Digestive System Vocabulary
Foods that are physically broken down into smaller peices
Chemicals that are produced by the body. They also break down foods into their smaller chemical building blocks.
Process by which nutrients pass through the walls of your digestive system and into your blood.
Is produced in the salivary gland. Is a fluid that is released ino the mouth.
Protiens that speed up chemical reactions inside your body.
A flap of tissue that closes of your windpipe and stops food from entering your lungs.
A muscular tube that connects your mouth to your stomach.
Involuntary waves of muscle contractions that push food towards the stomach.
A smooth muscle organ that breaks down food mechanically.
A long tube where most chemical digestion occurs. It is also the place where nutrients are absorbed.
Is the largest organ in your body and it breaks down medicine, eliminates nitrogen, and produces bile.
A substance that breaks down fat particles.
Bile is stored here.
Produces an enzyme called insulin which helps keep your blood sugar "regular"
Located on the surface lining of the small intestine and absorbs nutrients.
Carries waste to the rectum.
The tube where the large intestine ends. Is the place where stool is stored before it is removed.
The opening where solid waste is removed from the body.
Carries out the first step of mechanical digestion. They also rip and tear food into smaller pieces.
A muscle that directs food to the esophagus.
The first part of the small intestine.