What are the complications of the esophageal phase?
Bolus remaining in the esophagus.
What is a complication of all three phases of the swallow?
What are some neurologic diseases or conditions associated with dysphagia?
1. Parkinson's Disease
2. Head Injury
3. Cerebrovascular accident
5. Multiple sclerosis
6. Muscular dystrophy
7. Alzheimer's Disease
8. Cerebral palsy
What are the main 5 goals of the diets for dysphagia?
1. To ensure that the client receives an adequate amount of energy, nutrients, and fluids
2. To real and maintain a healthy nutritional client
3. To offer soild and fluid foods safe for client
4. To prevent dysphagia complications and maintain the client's quality of life
5. To monitor and adjust the changing needs of the client.
Describe the main components of the swallowing evaluation and who is involved.
1. Bedside swallowing assessment: A physical and clinical examination of the oralpharyngeal funcation proformed at the bedside to defect signs and symptoms of dysphagia. The client will chew and swallow solids and liquids of different consistencies. This is preformed by a speech-language pathologist.
2. Modified Barium Swallow
3. Using and endoscope through the nasal cavity to observe the larynx and pharynx.