Chapter 12 Vital/SAMPLE
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Vital Signs are?
- 1. Vital signs and SAMPLE history are major components of your assessment
- 2. Usually obtained during the "Focused History and Physical Exam"
- 3. They are outward signs of what is going on inside the body
- 4. 1st set known as the "Baseline Vitals Signs"
BRASTRAPP Stands for?
- B = Blood Pressure
- R = Respiration
- A = Alertness (Level of Consciousness)
- S = Skin Color
- T = Temperature (Skin)
- R = Reaction to Pain
- A = Ability to move (Extremities)
- P = Pulse
- P = Pupils
Adult Male Blood Pressure
<= 120 Systolic
<= 80 Diastolic
Blood Pressure of Children and Infants
Approx 80 + age times 2 Systolic
Avg 2/3 Diastolic
Blood Pressure of 11-14yr
Avg 114 (88-120) Systolic
Avg 76 Diastolic
Blood Pressure of 6-10yrs
Avg 105 (80-115) Systolic
Avg 69 Diastolic
Blood Pressure of 3-5yr
Avg 99 (78-104) Systolic
Avg 65 Diastolic
4 Types of Blood Pressure
Low BP can indicate Shock
High BP, can indicate a Neurologic event
How do you check respiration rate?
Watch breathing for 30 seconds, count each breath and mltiple times 2
How are Respiration rates classified
Normal Respiration rate for an adult is?
What method do you use to assess Alertness
What does AVPU stand for?
When you are assessing skin color, what are you looking to see if the body is doing
How do you check the pulse of a conscious person
Radial Artery then Bracial and Carotid last
How do you check the pulse of an unconscious person
What is the term for a slow pulse
What is the term for a fast pulse
What is the normal pulse rate for an adult
What are the 2 things needed to be present to have breathing sounds
Air Movement and Functioning Airways
What does SAMPLE stand for
- Signs and Symptoms
- Pertinent Medical HIstory
- Last Oral Intake
- Events leading up to illness
Under Signs and Symptoms what does PQRST stand for
- Provoked it
- When did it start
Ideally when should you take vitals
- During assessment
- During Transport
- Arrival to Hospital
- Changes in condition
- Medical Intervention
- Stable patients every 15
- Unstable Patients every 5
When using capillary refill, which is it more effective on
What would you like to do?
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