Chapter 12 Vital/SAMPLE

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Author:
castelojl
ID:
131983
Filename:
Chapter 12 Vital/SAMPLE
Updated:
2012-03-27 00:38:09
Tags:
Vitals
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Description:
EMT info for Chapter 12
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  1. Vital Signs are?
    • 1. Vital signs and SAMPLE history are major components of your assessment
    • 2. Usually obtained during the "Focused History and Physical Exam"
    • 3. They are outward signs of what is going on inside the body
    • 4. 1st set known as the "Baseline Vitals Signs"
  2. BRASTRAPP Stands for?
    • B = Blood Pressure
    • R = Respiration
    • A = Alertness (Level of Consciousness)
    • S = Skin Color
    • T = Temperature (Skin)
    • R = Reaction to Pain
    • A = Ability to move (Extremities)
    • P = Pulse
    • P = Pupils
  3. Adult Male Blood Pressure
    <= 120 Systolic

    <= 80 Diastolic
  4. Blood Pressure of Children and Infants
    Approx 80 + age times 2 Systolic

    Avg 2/3 Diastolic
  5. Blood Pressure of 11-14yr
    Avg 114 (88-120) Systolic

    Avg 76 Diastolic
  6. Blood Pressure of 6-10yrs
    Avg 105 (80-115) Systolic

    Avg 69 Diastolic
  7. Blood Pressure of 3-5yr
    Avg 99 (78-104) Systolic

    Avg 65 Diastolic
  8. 4 Types of Blood Pressure
    • Systolic
    • Diastolic
    • Auscultation
    • Palpation
  9. Hypotension is?
    Low BP can indicate Shock
  10. Hypertension is?
    High BP, can indicate a Neurologic event
  11. How do you check respiration rate?
    Watch breathing for 30 seconds, count each breath and mltiple times 2
  12. How are Respiration rates classified
    • Normal
    • Shallow
    • Labored
    • Noisy
  13. Normal Respiration rate for an adult is?
    12-20
  14. What method do you use to assess Alertness
    AVPU
  15. What does AVPU stand for?
    • Alert
    • Verbal
    • Painful
    • Unresponsive
  16. When you are assessing skin color, what are you looking to see if the body is doing
    Perfusion
  17. How do you check the pulse of a conscious person
    Radial Artery then Bracial and Carotid last
  18. How do you check the pulse of an unconscious person
    Carotid Artery
  19. What is the term for a slow pulse
    Bradycardia
  20. What is the term for a fast pulse
    Tachycardia
  21. What is the normal pulse rate for an adult
    60-100 BPM
  22. What are the 2 things needed to be present to have breathing sounds
    Air Movement and Functioning Airways
  23. What does SAMPLE stand for
    • Signs and Symptoms
    • Allergies
    • Medications
    • Pertinent Medical HIstory
    • Last Oral Intake
    • Events leading up to illness
  24. Under Signs and Symptoms what does PQRST stand for
    • Provoked it
    • Quality
    • Radiates
    • Severity
    • When did it start
  25. Ideally when should you take vitals
    • During assessment
    • During Transport
    • Arrival to Hospital
    • Changes in condition
    • Medical Intervention
    • Stable patients every 15
    • Unstable Patients every 5
  26. When using capillary refill, which is it more effective on
    Children

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