Logic definitions Exam 1

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Author:
yog.zacharyjones
ID:
131996
Filename:
Logic definitions Exam 1
Updated:
2012-01-31 11:39:20
Tags:
logic philosophy deductive
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Definitions for exam 1
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  1. argument
    a group of statements one or more of which are claimed to provide support for, or reason to believe one of the others.
  2. valid argument
    an argument in which, if the premises are true, the conclusion must be true.
  3. invalid argument
    an argument in which it is possible for the premises to be true and the conclusion false.
  4. sound argument
    an argument which is valid with all true premises.
  5. unsound argument
    an argument which is either invalid or has one ore more false premises or both.
  6. deductive argument
    an argument which claims to provide conclusive grounds for its conclusion.
  7. inductive argument
    an argument which claims that its premises give only some degree of probability but not certainty to its conclusion.
  8. strong argument
    an inductive argument in which, if the premises are true, the conclusion is likely or probable to be true.
  9. weak argument
    an inductive argument in which the premises, if ture, don't make the conclusion likely or probable.
  10. cogent argument
    an inductive argument which is strong and has all true premises
  11. uncogent argument
    an inductive argument which is weak or has one or more false premises or both.

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