CSIS 110 Ch2
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CD, DVD, and Blu-ray technologies can be classified as ____ storage.
____ is used to enhance processor performance.
Pipelining and Parallel processing
A good computer maintenance routine would include regularly ____.
running utilities like Disk Cleanup and Disk Defragmenter
scanning your computer for viruses and spyware
deleting your browser’s history and cache files
In the accompanying figure, the item marked B is a __
Overclocking is a technique for increasing the speed of a computer component, such as ____. It can be very risky.
- the processor
- a graphics card
A(n) ____ computer is a
small, lightweight personal computer with screen, keyboard, storage, and
processing components integrated into a single unit.
____ is a limited version of Windows that allows you to use your mouse, monitor, and keyboard but no other peripheral devices.
____ is a temporary holding area for data, application program instructions, and the operating system.
Power ____ can originate
from a number of sources: downed power lines, power grid switching by
the electric company, faulty wiring, and large appliances powering on
In the accompanying figure, the item marked C is a ____.
____ is a type of memory circuitry that holds the computer's startup routine.
ROM (Read only memory)
____ time is the average time it takes a computer to locate and read data on the storage medium.
In the accompanying figure, which of the following is NOT true of the component in picture C?
It is volatile.
Unlike disk storage, most RAM is ____.
A(n) ____ tablet configuration resembles a high-tech clipboard and lacks a built-in keyboard.
A technology called ____
allows the processor to begin executing another instruction before it
completes the previous instruction.
Many of today’s microprocessors perform ____, in which multiple instructions are executed at the same time.
____ refers to the number of bits that a microprocessor can manipulate at one time.
Solid state storage, also called flash memory storage, ____.
provides fairly fast access to data
In the accompanying figure, the item marked A is a ____.
____ are the form factor
of choice for computer owners who might want to upgrade components in
the future because it is easy to get inside the case and swap out parts.
The accompanying figure shows us a ____.
USB flash drive
The ____ is the case that holds the computer’s main circuit boards, microprocessor, memory, power supply, and storage devices.
____ is used by most of today's personal computers because it is fast and relatively inexpensive.
A microprocessor whose instruction set includes a limited set of simple instructions uses ____ technology.
RISC (reduced instruction set computer)
The term ____ refers to the size and dimensions of a computer component.
A(n) ____ strip monitors the electrical current that passes from the outlet to all the devices plugged into the strip.
If the system runs out of
RAM, the operating system uses an area of the hard disk called ____ to
store parts of a program or data file until they are needed.
A ____ computer is also referred to as a laptop computer.
____ are the result of a
series of tests used to gauge overall microprocessor speed and are
useful in comparing microprocessor performance.
The ____ is the amount of data that a storage device can move from the storage medium to the computer per second.
data transfer rate
A ____ is a device that
not only provides surge protection, but also furnishes your computer
with battery backup power during a power outage.
UPS (uninterruptible power supply)
A printer’s ____ determines how many pages a printer is able to churn out.
____ is the ability of a device to "jump" directly to the requested data.
Random access (also called direct access)
____ means a billion cycles per second.
Which of the following is an example of a rerecordable optical storage medium?
The number of colors a monitor can display is referred to as ____.
A ____ offers more portability than a standard notebook.
A ____ computer is a portable computing device featuring a touch-sensitive screen that can be used as a writing or drawing pad.
ROM BIOS is a small set of instructions that tells the computer ____.
- how to access the hard disk
- where to find the operating system
- how to load the operating system into RAM
Storage capacity usually is measured in ____.
gigabytes or terabytes
Personal computer hard disk platters typically have storage capacities ranging from 40 GB to ____.
A built-in ____ in your personal computer can make it simpler to
transfer photos from a solid state memory card used in your digital
The ____ is a security mechanism that is factory-installed on many personal computers.
Kensington Security Slot
RAM can be thought of as the ____ for the computer’s processor.
In an advertisement, a speed specification, such as 2.66 GHz, indicates the speed of the microprocessor ____.
Hard disk storage technology can be classified as ____ storage.
The item in the accompanying figure can have capacities ranging from ____.
16 MB to 256 GB
Dot pitch is the distance in millimeters between like-colored ____ —the small dots of light that form an image.
The ____ indicates that
the operating system has encountered an error from which it cannot
recover, and the computer no longer accepts any commands.
Blue screen of death (Windows)
Gaming computers typically include ____.
- very fast processors
- lots of memory
- state-of-the-art sound capabilities
RAM speed is often expressed in ____.
Gradually, CCFL backlighting technology is being replaced by ____.
Which of the following is tracking and recovery software?
Lojack for Laptops
____ is the most widely used language for communication between computers and printers.
PCL (Printer Control Language)
The term ____ designates equipment that might be added to a computer system to enhance its functionality.
Which is the highest resolution?
A(n) ____ printer can print on both sides of the paper.
A processor that includes circuitry for two or more processing units is called a ____ processor.
To reboot a PC, hold down the ____ keys at the same time.
Ctrl, Alt, and Del
A ____ is a sudden increase or spike in electrical energy, affecting the current that flows to electrical outlets.
A(n) ____ is standard equipment on notebook computers.
LCD (liquid crystal display)
A(n) ____ chip is a type of non-volatile memory chip that does not require power to hold data.
EEPROM (electrically erasable programmable read-only memory)
A hard disk ____ is a flat, rigid disk made of aluminum or glass and coated with magnetic iron oxide particles.
A ____ is an example of a pointing device.
Tablet computers, handheld devices, retail store self checkouts, and information kiosks collect input from a ____.
A ____ is a touch-sensitive surface on which you can slide your fingers to move the on-screen pointer.
It takes 800 pounds of
force to remove a ____ plate, which contains a unique ID number, a
warning message, and an 800 number to report a stolen computer.
STOP (Security Tracking of Office Property)
In the context of computing, a(n) ____ is a custom, hand-built modification to a computer system component.
Hot plugging is allowed with what kind of devices?
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