Module 7 Lesson 3: Creating Templates and Clones - VMware vSphere 4.1 Study Flash Cards

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Module 7 Lesson 3: Creating Templates and Clones - VMware vSphere 4.1 Study Flash Cards
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2012-03-13 08:09:09
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Module 7 Lesson 3 Creating Templates and Clones - VMware vSphere 4.1 Study Flash Cards
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  1. What is a Template?

    What is a template?
    A template is a master copy of a virtual machine that can be used to create and provision new virtual machines. This image inclues a guest operating system, a set of applications, and a configuration that provides virtual counterparts to hardware components.
  2. What is a Template?

    Virtual machines can be changed into templates without the need to make a full copy of the virtual machine files and the creation of a new object. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    True.
  3. Creating a Template

    List/name three ways you can create a template.
    • 1. Coning a virtual machine to a template
    • 2. Converting a virtual machine to a template
    • 3. Cloning a template
  4. Creating a Template

    When you clone a virtual machine to a template, the machine must be powered off and the original machine is retained. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    False. The original machine is retained but the virtual machine can either be powered on or powered off.
  5. Creating a Template

    You can covert a powered on virtual machine to a template but the original virtual machine will be replaced by the template. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    False. The original machine is replaced by the template but the original virtual machine must be powered off to convert a virtual machine to a template.
  6. Creating a Template

    What happens when you clone a template?
    When you clone a template, you make a copy of a template.
  7. Creating a Template

    When creating a template from a virtual machine, in reference to the machine's disk, what choice does Clone to Template offer that Convert to Template does not?
    Clone to Template offers you the choice of format in which to store the virtual machine's virtual disks:

    • Same format as source
    • Thin-provisioned format
    • Thick format
  8. Creating a Template

    Clone to Template
    and Convert to Template both offer you the choice of format in which to store the virtual machines's virtual disk. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    False. Only Clone to Template offer the choice. Convert to Template does not offer a choice an leaves the virtual machines's disk file file intact.
  9. Viewing Templates

    What are two ways to view templates?
    • Use the VMs and Templates inventory view.
    • Use the Hosts and Clusters view by selecting a container object (root, datacenter, cluster or folder) and cliking its Virtual Machines tab.
  10. Viewing Templates

    How are templates distinguished from virtual machines in the vCenter inventory?
    Templates are distinguished from virtual machines by their icon.
  11. Deploying a Virtual Machine from Template

    You cannot deploy from a template if you connect the vSphere Client directly to an ESX/ESXi host. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    True. You must be connected to vCenter Server to deploy a virtual machine from a template.
  12. Deploying a Virtual Machine from Template

    What information does the Deploy Template wizard ask you for virtual machine deployment?
    • 1. virtual machine name
    • 2. inventory location
    • 3. host or cluster on which to run the new virtual machine
    • 4. resource pool
    • 5. datastore location
    • 6. virtual machine's disk format
    • Same format as source
    • Thin provisioned format
    • Thick format
    • 7. guest operating system customization data
  13. Deploying a Virtual Machine from Template

    What are the steps to deploy a virtual machine from a temmplate?
    From the VMs and Templates inventory view, right-click the template and select Deploy Virtual Machine from this Template.
  14. Updating a Template

    What are the steps to update a template?
    • 1. Convert the template to a virtual machine.
    • 2. Place the VM on an isolated network or disconnect from the network - prevent user access.
    • 3. Edit the virtual machine.
    • 4. Convert the virtual machine to a template.
  15. Updating a Template

    You do not have to convert a template to a virtual machine to change then name of a template. True or False?

    If Fasle, Why?
    True.
  16. Updating a Template

    What is an alternative to the manual process of updating a template?
    Use VMware vCenter Update Manager to automate the template update.
  17. Cloning a Virtual Machine

    What is cloning?
    Cloning is an alternative to deploying a virtual machine. Cloning a virtual machine creates a duplicate of the virtual machine with the same configuration and installed software as the original.
  18. Cloning a Virtual Machine

    What is a clone?


    A clone is an exact copy of the virtual machine.
  19. Cloning a Virtual Machine

    The virtual machine being cloned can either be powered on or powered off. True or False?

    If Fasle, Why?
    True.
  20. Cloning a Virtual Machine

    Why should you customize the guest operating system of the clone?
    Customizing the guest operating system prevents conflicts that can ocurr if a virtual machine and a clone with identical guest operating system settings are deployed simultaneously.
  21. Cloning a Virtual Machine

    To clone a virtual machine you can be directly connected to an ESX/ESXi host. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    False. To clone a virtual machine, you must be connected to vCenter Server.
  22. Cloning a Virtual Machine

    When you clone a virtual machine that is powered on, services and applications are not automatically quiesced when the virtual machine is cloned. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    True.
  23. Customizing the Guest Operating System

    Why does VMware recommend customization of a clone's guest operating system?
    To prevent software and network conflicts.
  24. Customizing the Guest Operating System

    The guest operating system being customized must be installed on a disk attached as SCSI node 0:0 in the virtual machine configuration. True or False?

    If False, Why?


    True.
  25. Customizing the Guest Operating System

    What are two way of specifing customization settings?
    • 1. The Guest Customization wizard during cloning or deployment.
    • 2. Create customization specifications which are customizations settings stored in the vCenter Server database.
  26. Customizing the Guest Operating System

    What can you use the Customization Specification Manager for?
    Use the Customization Specification Manager to manage customization specifications that you create with the Guest Customization wizard.
  27. Customizing the Guest Operating System

    What must be done before you can customize Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows 2003 virtual machines?
    You must install Microsoft Sysprep tools on the vCenter Server system.
  28. Customizing the Guest Operating System

    Sysprep tools must be installed in order to customize specification for Wiindows Vista and Windows 2008 operating systems. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    False. Sysprep tools are built in to the Windows Vista and Windows 2008 opertating systems.
  29. Deploying Virtual Machines Across Datacenters

    vCenter Server does not allow you to provision virtual machines across datacenters. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    False. Administrators can:

    Clone a virtual machine from one datacenter to another.

    Deploy from a template in one datacenter to a virtual machine in a different datacenter.

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